Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia https://jepi.fe.ui.ac.id/index.php/JEPI <p><span class="hps">Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia has been&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">published&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">since 2000&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">by&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">the Department of Economics&nbsp;Faculty of Economics and Business&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">Universitas Indonesia</span>.&nbsp;<span class="hps">Based on&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">the Decree of&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">the Director&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">General for Higher Education Accreditation Number 43/DIKTI/Kep/2008, JEPI has been accredited </span><span class="hps">'B</span>'<span class="hps">as a&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">national</span>&nbsp;academic j<span class="hps">ournal</span>.&nbsp;<span class="hps">JEPI&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">published&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">two&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">times a year&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">in&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">July and January.</span></p> <p><strong><span class="hps">In 2015, JEPI&nbsp;<span class="hps">has been&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">accredited&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">'B' based on&nbsp;<span class="hps">Decree of&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">the Director&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">General for Higher Education&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">Accreditation&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">Number&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">1/E/KPT/2015 on 21 September 2015 for period 2015-2020.</span></span></span></strong></p> <p>Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia (JEPI) focuses on issues pertaining empirical investigation on Indonesian economy. JEPI aimed to tie researchers to share high quality publication at national level through blind review process.</p> <p>The article published in JEPI are expected to cover wide range topics in economic fields and employs standard economics analysis tools focusing on Indonesian economy. The topics might include economics fields of monetary, fiscal, environment and natural resource, industrial organization, regional and urban economics, international and trade, and any others related to economic fields.</p> <p>It is expected that students and researchers are facilitated by JEPI to play important role in understanding Indonesian economy.</p> en-US <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol type="a"> <li class="show">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See&nbsp;<a href="http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li> </ol> <p><a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/" rel="license"><img src="https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by-sa/4.0/88x31.png" alt="Creative Commons License"></a><br>JEPI&nbsp;by&nbsp;<a href="/index.php/JEPI/index" rel="cc:attributionURL">Dept Ilmu Ekonomi&nbsp;</a>&nbsp;is licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License</a>.</p> <div>&nbsp;</div> djoni.hartono@gmail.com (Djoni Hartono) jepi_feui@ui.ac.id (Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia) Sun, 24 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +0000 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Kerentanan Perbankan di Indonesia: Pengukuran dan Penyebabnya https://jepi.fe.ui.ac.id/index.php/JEPI/article/view/1312 <p>This study aims to identify banking vulnerabilities and analyze the factors that influence them. The tool used to identify bank vulnerabilities uses modification crisis and default index (C&amp;D Index) while hypothesis testing uses logit regression. Commercial banks in Indonesia from 2008 to 2018 was taken as sample. As a result, in 2008 and 2013 were the most vulnerable conditions for banks in Indonesia. The reason most banks have been identified as vulnerable is due to decreased profits, increased liabilities in foreign currencies and increased Non Performing Loan (NPL). Logit regression test show that banking fragility is negatively related to capital, liquid assets, and financial assets. ------------------------------ Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi kerentanan perbankan dan menguji faktor yang diduga memengaruhinya. Kerentanan bank diidentifikasi menggunakan modifikasi crisis and default index (C&amp;D Index), sedangkan pengujian hipotesis menggunakan regresi logit. Sampel penelitian ini adalah 27 bank komersil di Indonesia periode 2008 sampai 2018. Hasilnya, tahun 2008 dan 2013 adalah kondisi yang paling rentan bagi perbankan di Indonesia. Penyebab sebagian besar bank teridentifikasi rentan adalah karena penurunan profit, peningkatan pinjaman dalam mata uang asing, dan peningkatan Non Performing Loan (NPL). Hasil uji regresi logit menunjukkan kerentanan perbankan di Indonesia berhubungan negatif dengan permodalan bank, aset likuid bank, dan aset keuangan bank.</p> Wisnu Wibowo, Amir Ambyah Zakaria Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://jepi.fe.ui.ac.id/index.php/JEPI/article/view/1312 Sun, 24 Jan 2021 08:49:56 +0000 Pengaruh Jam Kerja Orang Tua terhadap Kognitif Anak di Indonesia https://jepi.fe.ui.ac.id/index.php/JEPI/article/view/1329 <p>The current phenomenon shows an increasing work activities by both fathers and mothers to fulfil household needs. This social change is feared to give children imbalance time, causing children’s development to be not optimal. This study aims to see the influence of parental working hour on children’s cognitive scores in Indonesia. This study used data from IFLS Survey in 2007 and 2014 with a unit of analysis of children aged 7 to 14 used an OLS estimation method. The results of this study indicate that parental working hours had negative influence on children’s cognitive scores. ...................................................... Fenomena saat ini menunjukkan peningkatan aktivitas bekerja, baik ayah maupun ibu, demi memenuhi kebutuhan rumah tangga. Perubahan sosial ini dikhawatirkan memberikan ketidakseimbangan waktu pada anak-anak dan menyebabkan perkembangan anak menjadi tidak optimal. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat pengaruh jam kerja orang tua terhadap skor kognitif anak di Indonesia. Penelitian ini menggunakan data dari Survei IFLS tahun 2007 dan 2014 dengan unit analisis anak-anak berusia 7 hingga 14 tahun menggunakan metode estimasi OLS. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa jam kerja orang tua memiliki pengaruh negatif terhadap skor kognitif anak-anak.</p> Pradini Ajeng Gemellia, Turro S. Wongkaren Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://jepi.fe.ui.ac.id/index.php/JEPI/article/view/1329 Tue, 26 Jan 2021 12:24:03 +0000 Perkembangan Teknologi Informasi, TFP, dan Emisi Gas CO2 di Indonesia https://jepi.fe.ui.ac.id/index.php/JEPI/article/view/1301 <p>This paper examines the development of information technology, total factor productivity (TFP), and urbanization of CO2 gas emissions in Indonesia from 1975–2014. To discuss empirically, this study uses the Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) model. There are several results in this study. Firstly, the TFP coefficient value in the short term is lower than the long term, so that the Enviromental Kuznets Curve (EKC) hypothesis is not proven. This is one of the causes of rising CO2 gas emissions. Secondly, information technology has a significant impact on the increase of CO2 gas emissions. Thirdly, Indonesia’s urbanization has reduced CO2 gas emissions. ................................................ Penelitian ini menjelaskan pengaruh perkembangan teknologi informasi, total faktor produktivitas (TFP), dan urbanisasi terhadap emisi gas CO2 di Indonesia dari tahun 1975–2014. Untuk menguji secara empiris, penelitian ini menggunakan model Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL). Ada beberapa hasil dalam penelitian ini. Pertama, koefisien nilai TFP pada jangka pendek lebih rendah daripada nilai koefisiennya pada jangka panjang sehingga penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa hipotesis Enviromental Kuznets Curve (EKC) tidak terbukti. Hal ini menjadi salah satu penyebab naiknya emisi gas CO2. Kedua, teknologi informasi memiliki dampak yang signifikan terhadap naiknya emisi gas CO2. Ketiga, urbanisasi di Indonesia mengurangi emisi gas CO2.</p> Ganiko Moddilani, Irwandi Irwandi Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://jepi.fe.ui.ac.id/index.php/JEPI/article/view/1301 Tue, 26 Jan 2021 14:30:05 +0000 Pengaruh Struktur Umur Penduduk terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi di Indonesia https://jepi.fe.ui.ac.id/index.php/JEPI/article/view/1209 <p>This study examines the effect of the population structure transition on economic growth using a panel data of 33 provinces in Indonesia from 2000 to 2015. The main working-age group has a positive effect on economic growth, while the middle age group has a negative effect. Furthermore, population growth has a negative effect on economic growth. The effect of population density on economic growth is very small. There is no di erence on average economic growth inter-island in Indonesia except for Sulawesi Island which has a higher average economic growth compared to Java Island. .......................................... Paper ini mengkaji pengaruh transisi struktur penduduk terhadap pertumbuhan ekonomi menggunakan data panel dari 33 provinsi di Indonesia dari tahun 2000 hingga 2015. Indonesia tengah memasuki masa transisi penduduk yang berakibat pada meningkatnya penduduk usia kerja dan menurunnya rasio ketergantungan. Kelompok usia kerja utama berpengaruh positif terhadap pertumbuhan ekonomi, sedangkan kelompok usia paruh baya berpengaruh negatif. Selanjutnya pertumbuhan penduduk berpengaruh negatif terhadap pertumbuhan ekonomi. Pengaruh kepadatan penduduk terhadap pertumbuhan ekonomi sangat kecil. Tidak ada perbedaan rata-rata pertumbuhan ekonomi antar pulau di Indonesia kecuali Pulau Sulawesi yang memiliki rata-rata pertumbuhan ekonomi lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan Pulau Jawa.</p> Catur Sugiyanto, Endah Kurniawati Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://jepi.fe.ui.ac.id/index.php/JEPI/article/view/1209 Wed, 27 Jan 2021 15:03:56 +0000 Contagion Effect Krisis Argentina dan Turki ke Negara-Negara Asia, Benarkah Terjadi? https://jepi.fe.ui.ac.id/index.php/JEPI/article/view/1333 <p>This study aims to examine the contagion effect of the Argentinian and Turkish crises to Asian countries using the DCC-MGARCH model. The data used is the daily closing price index of the stock index obtained from Thomson Reuters DataStream covering form the period of January 2, 2014 to May 17, 2019. The results showed that the contagion effect of the Argentinian crisis occurred in Malaysia, Korea, Thailand and the Philippines, while Indonesia, Singapore, India and China are only interdependence. The pure contagion test results also show that the contagion effect of the Turkish crisis occurred in Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand, India, and China, while Singapore and Korea only interdependence with the Turkish market. ......................................... Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji adanya contagion e ect dari krisis Argentina dan Turki ke negara-negara Asia dengan menggunakan model DCC-MGARCH. Data yang digunakan adalah data harian harga penutupan indeks saham yang diperoleh dari Thomson Reuters DataStream mencakup periode 2 Januari 2014 hingga 17 Mei 2019. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa contagion effect dari krisis Argentina terjadi di Malaysia, Korea, Thailand, dan Filipina, sedangkan Indonesia, Singapura, India, dan Cina hanya interdependence. Hasil uji pure contagion juga menunjukkan bahwa contagion effect dari krisis Turki terjadi di Indonesia, Malaysia, Filipina, Thailand, India, dan Cina, sedangkan Singapura dan Korea hanya interdependence dengan pasar Turki.</p> Fitri Kartiasih, Adi Setiawan Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://jepi.fe.ui.ac.id/index.php/JEPI/article/view/1333 Wed, 27 Jan 2021 09:23:04 +0000 Pola Perdagangan Global pada Perusahaan-Perusahaan Berteknologi Tinggi https://jepi.fe.ui.ac.id/index.php/JEPI/article/view/1342 <p>This study deals with firm level data of Indonesian high-tech manufacturing industries to determine firm’s production, especially among global trade variables, such as export intensity, vertical trade integration, and two-way trade. This study employs a generalized method of moments (GMM) approach to examine the most important factors of a global trade phenomenon. In the full-sample, the result demonstrates that vertical trade integration and two-way trade are significant determinants on firm’s production while export intensity is not. In ordinary trader sub-sample, export intensity is a significant determinant of firm’s production, whereas in vertical trader sub-sample export intensity is not. ........................................... Penelitian ini menggunakan data tingkat perusahaan pada industri manufaktur berteknologi tinggi di Indonesia untuk menentukan kemampuan produksi suatu perusahaan, dari berbagai variabel perdagangan global, seperti intensitas ekspor, perdagangan vertikal yang terintegrasi, dan perdagangan dua arah terhadap. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan generalized method of moment (GMM) untuk menguji faktor terpenting dari fenomena perdagangan global. Pada sampel penuh, hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perdagangan vertikal yang terintegrasi dan perdagangan dua arah merupakan faktor penentu yang signifikan terhadap kemampuan produksi perusahaan sedangkan intensitas ekspor tidak. Pada sub-sampel pedagang biasa, intensitas ekspor merupakan faktor penentu yang signifikan terhadap kemampuan produksi perusahaan, sedangkan pada sub-sampel pedagang vertikal intensitas ekspor bukan merupaka faktor penentu.&nbsp;</p> Dyah Wulan Sari, Wenny Restikasari Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://jepi.fe.ui.ac.id/index.php/JEPI/article/view/1342 Wed, 27 Jan 2021 11:43:23 +0000 Penyerapan Tenaga Kerja dan Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Menuju Era Bonus Demografi di Sumatra Barat https://jepi.fe.ui.ac.id/index.php/JEPI/article/view/833 <p>Indonesia’s provincial population projection in 2010–2035 shows West Sumatra is one of the provinces that may not experience a demographic bonus or it could be delayed to the next period. This study aims to analyze the determinants of sectoral employment absorption and its e ect on economic growth with a demometric approach. The result shows that the absorption of labor in West Sumatra is influenced by economic variables (Gross Regional Domestic Product) and demographic variables (Human Development Index). As a consequence, the productivity and the quality of human resources become important factors to achieve demographic bonus in West Sumatra. ................................................... Proyeksi penduduk provinsi di Indonesia tahun 2010–2035 memperlihatkan bahwa Sumatra Barat merupakan salah satu provinsi yang diperkirakan tidak akan atau tertunda mendapatkan bonus demogafi. Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis faktor penentu penyerapan tenaga kerja sektoral dan pengaruhnya terhadap pertumbuhan ekonomi dengan pendekatan demometrik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan penyerapan tenaga kerja di Sumatra Barat dipengaruhi oleh variabel ekonomi (PDRB) dan variabel demografi (IPM). Implikasinya, peningkatan produktivitas dan kualitas SDM menjadi faktor penting dalam upaya meraih bonus demografi di Sumatra Barat.</p> Sri Maryati, Hefrizal Handra, Irwan Muslim Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://jepi.fe.ui.ac.id/index.php/JEPI/article/view/833 Thu, 28 Jan 2021 05:38:27 +0000 Akses Pelayanan Kesehatan Keluarga Berstatus Ekonomi Rendah di Era JKN https://jepi.fe.ui.ac.id/index.php/JEPI/article/view/1126 <p>Economically disadvantaged families often cannot pay for healthcare. Since Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional (JKN) was launched in 2014, the government expands subsidies for these families, identified based on consumption. However, this criterion would misclassify families with low purchasing power as economically advantaged because they have large consumption, financed through social assistance. This paper uses the income from the main job instead to determine families’ economic rank. Based on 35 percent of families with the lowest income, utilisation increases with insurance availability. Predictions using consumption as the gauge for economic rank are underestimated, up to 71 percent for inpatient services. .................................................... Masyarakat dengan status ekonomi rendah sering kali tidak mampu memenuhi kebutuhan kesehatannya. Sejak Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional (JKN) diluncurkan pada tahun 2014, Pemerintah memperluas subsidi iuran bagi keluarga tidak mampu yang diidentifikasi menurut nilai konsumsi. Masalahnya, kriteria ini akan mengategorikan keluarga tidak mampu sebagai mampu karena nilai konsumsi yang besar dibiayai oleh pihak lain. Sebagai alternatif, kajian ini menggolongkan keluarga berdasarkan besaran penghasilan yang didapatkan dari pekerjaan. Untuk 35 persen keluarga berpenghasilan terendah, probabilitas utilisasi ditemukan meningkat dengan ketersediaan jaminan kesehatan. Penggunaan besaran konsumsi sebagai acuan peringkat ekonomi terlalu kecil menafsir pengaruh kepesertaan jaminan kesehatan pada utilisasi, sampai sebanyak 71 persen pada pelayanan rawat inap.</p> Prastuti Soewondo, Meliyanni Johar, Retno Pujisubekti Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://jepi.fe.ui.ac.id/index.php/JEPI/article/view/1126 Fri, 29 Jan 2021 01:23:44 +0000