Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia https://jepi.fe.ui.ac.id/index.php/JEPI <p><span class="hps">Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia has been&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">published&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">since 2000&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">by&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">the Department of Economics&nbsp;Faculty of Economics and Business&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">Universitas Indonesia</span>.&nbsp;<span class="hps">Based on&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">the Decree of&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">the Director&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">General for Higher Education Accreditation Number 43/DIKTI/Kep/2008, JEPI has been accredited </span><span class="hps">'B</span>'<span class="hps">as a&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">national</span>&nbsp;academic j<span class="hps">ournal</span>.&nbsp;<span class="hps">JEPI&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">published&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">two&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">times a year&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">in&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">July and January.</span></p> <p><strong><span class="hps">In 2015, JEPI&nbsp;<span class="hps">has been&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">accredited&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">'B' based on&nbsp;<span class="hps">Decree of&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">the Director&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">General for Higher Education&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">Accreditation&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">Number&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">1/E/KPT/2015 on 21 September 2015 for period 2015-2020.</span></span></span></strong></p> <p>Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia (JEPI) focuses on issues pertaining empirical investigation on Indonesian economy. JEPI aimed to tie researchers to share high quality publication at national level through blind review process.</p> <p>The article published in JEPI are expected to cover wide range topics in economic fields and employs standard economics analysis tools focusing on Indonesian economy. The topics might include economics fields of monetary, fiscal, environment and natural resource, industrial organization, regional and urban economics, international and trade, and any others related to economic fields.</p> <p>It is expected that students and researchers are facilitated by JEPI to play important role in understanding Indonesian economy.</p> en-US <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol type="a"> <li class="show">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See&nbsp;<a href="http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li> </ol> <p><a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/" rel="license"><img src="https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by-sa/4.0/88x31.png" alt="Creative Commons License"></a><br>JEPI&nbsp;by&nbsp;<a href="/index.php/JEPI/index" rel="cc:attributionURL">Dept Ilmu Ekonomi&nbsp;</a>&nbsp;is licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License</a>.</p> <div>&nbsp;</div> djoni.hartono@gmail.com (Djoni Hartono) jepi_feui@ui.ac.id (Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia) Tue, 13 Jul 2021 13:24:00 +0000 OJS 3.1.2.1 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Perilaku Pemilihan Moda Transportasi Pekerja Komuter: Studi Kasus Jabodetabek https://jepi.fe.ui.ac.id/index.php/JEPI/article/view/1340 <p>Using Greater Jakarta Commuter Survey data published by Statistics Indonesia in 2014, this study aims to identify the factors affecting commuting workers to choose the mode of transportation for work and the marginal effect of these factors. Estimation results from logistic regression indicate that income and workdays are not significantly affecting the commuting workers mode choice. The number of modes used has the highest impact on the probability of private vehicle and motorcycle use over public transport. As age, time travel, and travel distance increase, commuter worker less likely to use private vehicle. ------------------------------ Menggunakan data Survei Komuter Jabodetabek yang diterbitkan oleh Badan Pusat Statistik pada tahun 2014, penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi faktor-faktor yang memengaruhi pekerja komuter untuk memilih moda transportasi untuk bekerja dan efek marginal dari faktor-faktor tersebut. Hasil estimasi dari regresi logistik menunjukkan bahwa pendapatan dan hari kerja tidak secara signifikan memengaruhi pilihan moda transportasi pekerja komuter. Jumlah moda yang digunakan memiliki dampak tertinggi pada probabilitas penggunaan kendaraan pribadi dan sepeda motor dibandingkan angkutan umum. Seiring dengan bertambahnya usia, lama, dan jarak perjalanan, pekerja komuter cenderung tidak menggunakan kendaraan pribadi.</p> Amelia Dertta Irjayanti, Dyah Wulan Sari, Ismatulloh Rosida Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://jepi.fe.ui.ac.id/index.php/JEPI/article/view/1340 Tue, 13 Jul 2021 13:24:23 +0000 Fenomena Natural Resource Curse dalam Pembangunan Wilayah di Indonesia https://jepi.fe.ui.ac.id/index.php/JEPI/article/view/1358 <p>Although the phenomenon of natural resource curse is suspected to have occurred at the regional level in&nbsp; Indonesia, no measurement of such a phenomenon has been carried out yet. This research is aimed to provide an index of measuring the degree of natural resource curse at provincial level in Indonesia. Two indices, the natural resource dependence index and regional sustainable development index, were used to formulate index of regional resource curse (RRCI) using geometric mean of conditional weighted product method. The results found that provinces with richer in mining tend to have higher resource curse index compared with those with less extractive resources. ------------------------------------------ Meski fenomena natural resource curse diduga terjadi di tingkat daerah di Indonesia, pengukuran terhadap fenomena tersebut belum pernah dilakukan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengukur besaran natural resource curse di tingkat provinsi di Indonesia. Dua indikator, yakni indeks ketergantungan sumber daya alam dan indeks pembangunan daerah berkelanjutan digunakan untuk menghitung regional resource curse index (RRCI) menggunakan rerata geometrik conditional weighted product method. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa provinsi dengan sumber daya alam tambang yang lebih kaya cenderung menghadapi fenomena resource curse yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan provinsi dengan sumber daya ekstraktif yang lebih sedikit.</p> Hania Rahma, Akhmad Fauzi, Bambang Juanda, Bambang Widjojanto Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://jepi.fe.ui.ac.id/index.php/JEPI/article/view/1358 Tue, 13 Jul 2021 15:19:13 +0000 Tingkat Pengembalian Investasi Pendidikan di Kalimantan Barat Tahun 2018 https://jepi.fe.ui.ac.id/index.php/JEPI/article/view/1331 <p>Theoretically, human capital plays an important role in economic growth. In West Kalimantan, the government increase the education investment to improve human capital. This study aims to estimate the rate of return of education investment in West Kalimantan Province, Pontianak and Singkawang District. SAKERNAS 2018 individual data was analyzed using the Mincer Model and the Heckman’s Two-step procedure. The result show that the rate of return of education investment in West Kalimantan province is 3,83 percent. It means that each additional year of schooling will increase income by 3,83 percent. The rate of return of education investment in Pontianak and Singkawang District are 6,21 percent and 4,87 percent, respectively. ------------------------------- Secara teoritis, modal manusia mempunyai peran penting dalam pertumbuhan ekonomi. Untuk meningkatkan modal manusia, pemerintah meningkatkan investasi pendidikan di Kalimantan Barat. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menghitung tingkat pengembalian investasi pendidikan di Provinsi Kalimantan Barat, Kota Pontianak, dan Kota Singkawang menggunakan model Mincer dan prosedur Heckman’s Two Step. Hasil estimasi dengan menggunakan data individual SAKERNAS 2018 menunjukkan tingkat pengembalian pendidikan pada seluruh level pendidikan di Kalimantan Barat sebesar 3,83 persen. Artinya, setiap penambahan satu tahun lama sekolah akan meningkatkan pendapatan rata-rata sebesar 3,83 persen. Tingkat pengembalian investasi pendidikan di Kota Pontianak dan Kota Singkawang masing-masing sebesar 6,21 persen dan 4,87 persen.</p> Sakuntala Devi Ayu, Sri Mulatsih, Tanti Novianti Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://jepi.fe.ui.ac.id/index.php/JEPI/article/view/1331 Sun, 25 Jul 2021 13:22:38 +0000 Determinan Produktivitas Tenaga Kerja Industri Manufaktur Besar dan Sedang di Pulau Jawa https://jepi.fe.ui.ac.id/index.php/JEPI/article/view/1298 <p>Industrialization is one of the government’s focuses on development. Java is an area focused on the industry. However, the labor productivity of large and medium manufacturing industries in Java is lower than regions outside Java and national level of productivity. This study aims to analyze determinants of labor productivity in large and medium manufacturing industries in all provinces in Java from 2010 to 2015 using panel data regression. As the best model, fixed effect model showed that HDI, real wages, and vehicle PMTB has a positively significant effect on labor productivity. -------------------------------------- Industrialisasi merupakan salah satu fokus pemerintah dalam pembangunan. Pulau Jawa merupakan wilayah yang difokuskan untuk industri. Namun, produktivitas tenaga kerja Industri Besar dan Sedang (IBS) di Pulau Jawa lebih rendah dibandingkan daerah di luar Pulau Jawa dan tingkat produktivitas nasional. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis determinan produktivitas tenaga kerja IBS seluruh provinsi di Pulau Jawa periode 2010–2015 dengan menggunakan metode regresi data panel. Hasil analisis menunjukkan Fixed Effect Model merupakan model terbaik untuk penelitian ini, dengan Indeks Pembangunan Manusia (IPM), upah riil, dan Pembentukan Modal Tetap Bruto (PMTB) kendaraan berpengaruh secara signifikan positif terhadap produktivitas tenaga kerja.</p> Rika Dwi Puspita Sari, Siskarossa Ika Oktora Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://jepi.fe.ui.ac.id/index.php/JEPI/article/view/1298 Sat, 07 Aug 2021 13:22:37 +0000 Apakah Pemberdayaan Perempuan dalam Ekonomi dan Politik Telah Meningkatkan IPM Perempuan Indonesia? https://jepi.fe.ui.ac.id/index.php/JEPI/article/view/1319 <p>Gender Development Index (GDI) shows that gender development inequality in Indonesia is still high because of lower female Human Development Index (HDI) than that of male. This research is pointed to analyse the impact of women empowerment on economy and politics to female HDI. By using multiple linear regression model and harnessing data of 514 regencies/municipalities, this research reveals that share of women on parliament, women on professional work, and women as entrepreneurs simultaneously affects women HDI in Indonesia. ---------------------------------------------- Angka Gender Development Index (GDI) menunjukkan bahwa Indonesia masih mengalami ketimpangan pembangunan gender. Salah satu penyebabnya karena Indeks Pembangunan Manusia (IPM) perempuan masih jauh dari IPM laki-laki. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi apakah pemberdayaan perempuan dalam bidang ekonomi dan politik dapat meningkatkan IPM perempuan Indonesia. Dengan menggunakan model regresi linier berganda, penelitian terhadap 514 kabupaten/kota menunjukkan bahwa besarnya kontribusi perempuan di parlemen, perempuan sebagai tenaga kerja profesional, dan perempuan sebagai pengusaha secara signifikan meningkatkan IPM perempuan di Indonesia.</p> Abdurrahman Abdurrahman, Ema Tusianti Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://jepi.fe.ui.ac.id/index.php/JEPI/article/view/1319 Sat, 07 Aug 2021 15:18:04 +0000 Desa Digital dan Tingkat Literasi Keuangan Aparatur Desa: Studi Kasus Kabupaten Aceh Tamiang https://jepi.fe.ui.ac.id/index.php/JEPI/article/view/1076 <p>Since 2014, to reach the poor for increasing financial inclusion, the government of Indonesia has been digitizing social benefits. Recently, local government has also been pushed to build a “Digital Village.” We argue that for such a program to succeed, a good level of financial and digital literacy of the village officials is necessary. We surveyed the village officials in 60 out of 215 Aceh Tamiang to examine their financial, digital, and DFS literacy. We find that the literacy of the village officials, on average, is low. The factors contributing to low financial literacy are age, level of education, and accessibility to financial and digital services. --------------------------------- Sejak tahun 2014, Pemerintah mendorong inklusi keuangan bagi masyarakat berpendapatan rendah melalui digitalisasi bantuan sosial. Perkembangan terbaru, pemerintah daerah juga didorong untuk membangun “Desa Digital”. Keberhasilan program ini menurut penulis, membutuhkan literasi keuangan dan literasi digital aparatur desa. Studi ini melakukan survei mengenai literasi keuangan, digital, dan keuangan digital dari aparatur desa di 60 desa dari 213 desa di Kabupaten Aceh Tamiang. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa secara rata-rata tingkat literasi masih rendah, bahkan cenderung kurang. Penelitian ini menemukan bahwa faktor usia, tingkat pendidikan, dan akses terhadap keuangan digital memengaruhi tingkat literasi keuangan aparatur desa.</p> Fitriansyah Fitriansyah, Chaikal Nuryakin Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://jepi.fe.ui.ac.id/index.php/JEPI/article/view/1076 Thu, 12 Aug 2021 15:14:50 +0000 Pengaruh Kebijakan Peningkatan Upah Minimum terhadap Ketimpangan Upah (Studi Kasus Provinsi-Provinsi di Jawa) https://jepi.fe.ui.ac.id/index.php/JEPI/article/view/1325 <p>This research estimates the effect of the minimum wage increase on the wage inequality in Java provinces between 2008 and 2014 using semiparametric methods. It is found that the increase in minimum wage decrease the wage inequality in DKI Jakarta, West Java, Central Java, and Banten Provinces if the employment e ects of the minimum wage increase are ignored and the opposite results if we consider the employment e ects. Different results occur in Yogyakarta Special Region and East Java provinces, the minimum wage increase will lead to an increase in wage inequality both for the inclusion or exclusion of the employment effects. ------------------------------------------ Penelitian ini mengestimasi pengaruh kebijakan peningkatan upah minimum terhadap ketimpangan upah provinsi-provinsi di Pulau Jawa pada rentang tahun 2008 dan 2014 menggunakan metode semiparametrik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa meningkatnya upah minimum menurunkan ketimpangan upah di Provinsi DKI Jakarta, Jawa Barat, Jawa Tengah, dan Banten jika dampak pekerjaan (employment) tidak disertakan. Sebaliknya, jika menyertakan dampak pekerjaan, maka meningkatnya upah minimum akan meningkatkan ketimpangan upah. Hasil berbeda terjadi di Provinsi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta dan Jawa Timur dengan peningkatan upah minimum meningkatkan ketimpangan upah, baik tanpa dan dengan menyertakan dampak pekerjaan.</p> Zaitun Rohmah, Prani Sastiono Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://jepi.fe.ui.ac.id/index.php/JEPI/article/view/1325 Fri, 13 Aug 2021 13:00:35 +0000