https://jepi.fe.ui.ac.id/index.php/JEPI/issue/feed Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia 2019-11-07T03:16:37+00:00 Djoni Hartono djoni.hartono@gmail.com Open Journal Systems <p><span class="hps">Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia has been&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">published&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">since 2000&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">by&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">the Department of Economics&nbsp;Faculty of Economics and Business&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">Universitas Indonesia</span>.&nbsp;<span class="hps">Based on&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">the Decree of&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">the Director&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">General for Higher Education Accreditation Number 43/DIKTI/Kep/2008, JEPI has been accredited </span><span class="hps">'B</span>'<span class="hps">as a&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">national</span>&nbsp;academic j<span class="hps">ournal</span>.&nbsp;<span class="hps">JEPI&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">published&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">two&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">times a year&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">in&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">July and January.</span></p> <p><strong><span class="hps">In 2015, JEPI&nbsp;<span class="hps">has been&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">accredited&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">'B' based on&nbsp;<span class="hps">Decree of&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">the Director&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">General for Higher Education&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">Accreditation&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">Number&nbsp;</span><span class="hps">1/E/KPT/2015 on 21 September 2015 for period 2015-2020.</span></span></span></strong></p> <p>Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia (JEPI) focuses on issues pertaining empirical investigation on Indonesian economy. JEPI aimed to tie researchers to share high quality publication at national level through blind review process.</p> <p>The article published in JEPI are expected to cover wide range topics in economic fields and employs standard economics analysis tools focusing on Indonesian economy. The topics might include economics fields of monetary, fiscal, environment and natural resource, industrial organization, regional and urban economics, international and trade, and any others related to economic fields.</p> <p>It is expected that students and researchers are facilitated by JEPI to play important role in understanding Indonesian economy.</p> https://jepi.fe.ui.ac.id/index.php/JEPI/article/view/792 Pengaruh Dwelling Time pada Penerimaan Pajak Impor di Indonesia 2019-09-18T09:48:51+00:00 Adam Syaiful Hilal adam.syaiful@bps.go.id Vera Lisna veralisna@yahoo.com <p>High dwelling time in Indonesia has been in the spotlight of President since his visit to the Port of Tanjung Priok in&nbsp;2014. This could bring impact on international trade, one of which is indicated by import tax revenue. The value of&nbsp;import in Indonesia which continues to fall has brought impact to lower country revenue from import tax. The objective&nbsp;of this study is to analyze the effect of dwelling time on import tax revenue in Indonesia. The results from recursive&nbsp;equation system of Error Correction Model (ECM) by using data during January 2014 to November 2016 show that&nbsp;lower dwelling time will increase import tax revenue in Indonesia. ------------------------------------&nbsp;Lamanya dwelling time menjadi sorotan Presiden RI sejak kunjungannya ke Pelabuhan Tanjung Priok tahun&nbsp;2014 silam. Hal ini dapat berdampak pada perdagangan internasional, salah satunya diukur dari penerimaan&nbsp;pajak impor. Nilai impor Indonesia yang terus turun berdampak pada rendahnya penerimaan negara dari&nbsp;pajak impor. Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis pengaruh dwelling time pada penerimaan pajak impor di&nbsp;Indonesia. Berdasarkan hasil estimasi sistem persamaan rekursif Error Correction Model (ECM) dengan data&nbsp;periode Januari 2014–November 2016 diketahui bahwa dwelling time yang lebih rendah akan meningkatkan&nbsp;penerimaan pajak impor di Indonesia.</p> 2019-04-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia https://jepi.fe.ui.ac.id/index.php/JEPI/article/view/793 Deprivasi Utama Kemiskinan Multidimensi Antarprovinsi di Indonesia 2019-09-18T09:48:14+00:00 Bagus Sumargo bagussumargo@unj.ac.id Naomi Miduk M. Simanjuntak naomismnjtk@gmail.com <p>So far poverty alleviation policies are still oriented to the monetary approach, while poverty is multidimensional, this&nbsp;means that multidimensional poverty is defined as the condition of the lack of all existing poverty indicators. This study&nbsp;finds the main deprivation of poverty indicators in each province in Indonesia, so that poverty alleviation programs&nbsp;can be directed and more in line with the main deprivation needs of poverty in an area. Using the data of the National&nbsp;Socio-Economic Survey (Susenas 2014) and Alkire-Foster’s multidimensional poverty measurement method, and with&nbsp;12 indicators in three dimensions (health, education, and living standards), found that a priority scale of poverty&nbsp;alleviation assistance required by all provinces in Indonesia based on deprivation primarily a relief program t hat deals&nbsp;with old school problems and immunizations, except in Maluku province is a birth attendant and in Papua is a literacy&nbsp; issue. ------------------------------&nbsp;Sejauh ini kebijakan pengentasan kemiskinan masih berorientasi pada pendekatan moneter, sementara&nbsp;kemiskinan bersifat multidimensi, ini berarti bahwa kemiskinan multidimensi didefinisikan sebagai&nbsp;kondisi kurangnya semua indikator kemiskinan yang ada. Studi ini menemukan deprivasi utama indikator&nbsp;kemiskinan di setiap provinsi di Indonesia, sehingga program pengentasan kemiskinan dapat diarahkan dan&nbsp;lebih sesuai dengan kebutuhan deprivasi utama kemiskinan di suatu daerah. Berdasarkan data hasil Survei&nbsp;Sosial Ekonomi Nasional (Susenas) 2014 dan metode pengukuran kemiskinan multidimensi Alkire-Foster,&nbsp;serta 12 indikator dalam tiga dimensi (pendidikan, kesehatan, dan standar hidup), maka ditemukan skala&nbsp;prioritas bantuan pengentasan kemiskinan yang dibutuhkan di seluruh provinsi di Indonesia berdasarkan&nbsp;deprivasi utamanya, yakni program bantuan untuk mengatasi permasalahan lama sekolah dan imunisasi,&nbsp;kecuali di Provinsi Maluku adalah persoalan penolong kelahiran dan di Papua adalah persoalan melek huruf.</p> 2019-04-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia https://jepi.fe.ui.ac.id/index.php/JEPI/article/view/847 Analisis Pengembangan Ekspor Pala, Lawang, dan Kapulaga Indonesia 2019-09-18T09:47:37+00:00 Ely Nurhayati haya.jundullah@gmail.com Sri Hartoyo shty@indo.net.id Sri Mulatsih mulatsupardi@yahoo.co.id <p>Export is an important component in the economy. The higher export performance, the greater positive impact. From&nbsp;2012 to 2016, Indonesia’s exports continued to decline, so Indonesia needs to boost its exports. One of the potential&nbsp;commodities to be developed is nutmeg, mace, and cardamoms. This study analyzed the competitiveness of nutmeg,&nbsp;mace, and cardamoms, as well as the factors aecting its exports. The methods used are RCA, EPD, X-Model, and&nbsp;Gravity. The competitiveness analysis showed that the optimistic export markets were Pakistan, Germany, Italy, and&nbsp;USA. The potential export markets were Malaysia, Vietnam, Thailand, France, and Netherlands. Factors that affecting&nbsp;exports were GDP per capita, price, economic distance, and tariff. --------------------------------&nbsp;Ekspor merupakan komponen penting dalam perekonomian. Semakin tinggi kinerja ekspor, semakin besar&nbsp;pula dampak positifnya. Sejak 2012 hingga 2016, ekspor Indonesia terus menurun sehingga Indonesia&nbsp;perlu meningkatkan kembali ekspornya. Salah satu komoditas yang potensial dikembangkan adalah pala,&nbsp;lawang, dan kapulaga. Penelitian ini menganalisis daya saing pala, lawang, dan kapulaga, serta faktor yang&nbsp;memengaruhi ekspornya. Metode yang digunakan adalah RCA, EPD, X-Model, dan Gravity. Hasil analisis&nbsp;daya saing menunjukkan bahwa pasar ekspor yang optimis adalah Pakistan, Jerman, Italia, dan Amerika&nbsp;Serikat. Pasar ekspor yang potensial adalah Malaysia, Vietnam, Thailand, Prancis, dan Belanda. Faktor yang&nbsp;memengaruhi ekspor adalah PDB per kapita, harga, jarak ekonomi, dan tarif.</p> 2019-04-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia https://jepi.fe.ui.ac.id/index.php/JEPI/article/view/843 “Tahukah kamu?”: Analisis Set Data Survei Sosial Ekonomi Nasional (Susenas) 2019-10-05T03:30:36+00:00 Meliyanni Johar meliyanni.johar@tnp2k.go.id Prastuti Soewondo prastuti.s@gmail.com Retno Pujisubekti retno.pujisubekti@tnp2k.go.id Harsa Kunthara Satrio hkuntha@gmail.com Ardi Adji ardi.adji@tnp2k.go.id Iqbal Dawam Wibisono iqbal.wibisono@tnp2k.go.id <div>Susenas has been the backbone of many scientific research and public policies in Indonesia since 1960s. Nonetheless, some of its features have not been clearly conveyed and understood. We highlight two features that often lead to misinterpretation. First, the expenditure variable in Susenas does not measure private outlay but household’s consumption because it includes external assistance. Incomes of households which receive many assistances therefore are overestimated. Second, a sudden change in questionnaire since 2015 may disrupt trend analysis. Specifically for health items, this abrupt change coincides with any change stimulated by a new health initiative introduced by the Central Government. -------------------------------------- Susenas telah menjadi dasar berbagai riset dan kebijakan di Indonesia sejak pertama kali dilaksanakan tahun</div> <div>1963. Namun, ada fitur-fitur yang belum dipahami benar oleh para penggunanya. Artikel ini mengangkat</div> <div>dua fitur yang dapat menghasilkan inferensi kurang tepat. Yang pertama, variabel pengeluaran tidaklah</div> <div>mengukur pengeluaran pribadi, melainkan konsumsi, karena mencakup nilai bantuan ekonomi dari pihak</div> <div>lain. Implikasinya, variabel ini menafsirkan daya beli yang terlalu tinggi untuk rumah tangga yang menerima</div> <div>banyak subsidi. Yang kedua, adanya perubahan kuesioner pada Susenas 2015 yang berdampak pada analisis</div> <div>tren pengeluaran. Khususnya untuk pengeluaran kesehatan, pergerakan ini bisa disalahartikan sebagai</div> <div>dampak program baru pemerintah ditahun sebelumnya.</div> 2019-06-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia https://jepi.fe.ui.ac.id/index.php/JEPI/article/view/728 Transmisi Kemiskinan Antargenerasi di Indonesia Tahun 1993–2014, Studi Data IFLS 2019-10-07T10:04:29+00:00 Memy Irwan memy.irwan.zulyadi@gmail.com Jossy Prananta Moeis jossy.prananta@ui.ac.id <p>The initial hypothesis states that children from poor household have a tendency to return to poverty as an adult. This is because children from poor household are more difficult to utilize available resources than children from non-poor household. By using McNemar test, the data proved that there was a transmission of poverty in Indonesia during 1993–2014. In other words, poverty alleviation program in Indonesia had not been successfully carried out. Multinomial logit was used to analyzed factors that influence the transmission of poverty. There are various factors that affect the intergenerational transmission of poverty in Indonesia, namely the level of education and health, the ownership of movable assets and the existence of school facilities. --------------------------------------- Hipotesis awal penelitian ini adalah anak dari rumah tangga miskin memiliki kecenderungan untuk kembali miskin saat dewasa. Hal ini disebabkan tertutupnya peluang dalam memanfaatkan sumber daya yang tersedia bagi anak dari rumah tangga miskin dibandingkan dengan anak dari rumah tangga tidak miskin. Dengan menggunakan uji McNemar, terbukti bahwa pada rentang tahun 1993–2014 terjadi transmisi kemiskinan di Indonesia. Dengan kata lain, pengentasan kemiskinan belum berhasil dilakukan. Berbagai faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap transmisi kemiskinan di Indonesia dianalisis menggunakan multinomial logit. Faktor-faktor yang berpengaruh adalah tingkat pendidikan dan kesehatan, kepemilikan aset bergerak, serta keberadaan fasilitas sekolah.</p> 2019-04-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia https://jepi.fe.ui.ac.id/index.php/JEPI/article/view/841 Aktivitas Ekspor dan Inefisiensi Teknis Industri Andalan Ekspor Indonesia 2019-11-07T03:16:37+00:00 Rika BettyNurindah Rustiawati rika.rustiawati@gmail.com Andi Fahmi Lubis afahmi91@gmail.com <p><em>This study examines the effect of export activity on the technical inefficiency by using firm level panel data taken from&nbsp;Annual Survey of Manufacturing conducted by BPS for the period 2010 to 2014 and focus on Indonesia’s mainstay&nbsp;export industry which classified into low technology and high technology sector. A stochastic frontier model with one&nbsp;stage approach is applied to the translog production function to estimate firm level technical efficiency. The findings&nbsp;support the theoretical implications of the positive impact of export activities on firm’s efficiency and low technology&nbsp;sectors have higher efficiency rate than high technology sectors.</em> -----------------------------------------------&nbsp;Penelitian ini meneliti bagaimana pengaruh aktivitas ekspor terhadap inefisiensi teknis pada industri&nbsp;andalan ekspor Indonesia dengan menggunakan data level perusahaan yang bersumber dari Survei Industri&nbsp;Besar Sedang BPS periode 2010 sampai dengan 2014. Penelitian ini menggunakan model <em>stochastic frontier</em>&nbsp;dengan <em>one step approach</em> yang diterapkan pada fungsi produksi translog. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah&nbsp;aktivitas ekspor berpengaruh terhadap tingkat efisiensi perusahaan, yang mana industri yang tergolong&nbsp;dalam industri dengan tingkat teknologi rendah memiliki tingkat inefisiensi yang lebih rendah dibandingkan&nbsp;industri dengan tingkat teknologi tinggi.</p> 2019-04-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia