Trade Creation dan Trade Diversion Indonesia dengan AANZFTA pada Komoditas Garam

Trade Creation and Trade Diversion Indonesia with AANZFTA on Salt Commodity

  • Dwi Tjahya Nugraha Departemen Ilmu Ekonomi, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen, Institut Pertanian Bogor
  • Tony Irawan Departemen Ilmu Ekonomi, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen, Institut Pertanian Bogor
  • Dedi Budiman Hakim Departemen Ilmu Ekonomi, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen, Institut Pertanian Bogor
Keywords: trade creation, trade diversion, AANZFTA, garam

Abstract


ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand Free Trade Area (AANZFTA) is a free trade area formed in 2009. One of its implementations is the reduction of import duties on salt commodities in 2011. Its implementations has an impact on trade creation (TC) members and trade diversion (TD) on salt commodities product. The objective of this study is to analyze the occurrence TC and TD on salt commodity. Import demand elasticity and substitution elasticity approach for TC and TD estimation models was developed by the World Bank. The result is no all AANZFTA’s members get profit in the form of TC but just TD with dominated by Australia (99%) and other member (1%). --------------------------------------------- ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand Free Trade Area (AANZFTA) adalah kawasan perdagangan bebas terbentuk pada tahun 2009. Awal pembentukannya adalah adanya penurunan tarif bea masuk komoditas garam. Kebijakan tersebut berdampak terhadap trade creation (TC) dan trade diversion (TD). Oleh karena itu, penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis terjadinya TC dan TD pada komoditas garam. Pendekatan yang digunakan adalah elastisitas permintaan impor dan elastisitas substitusi untuk estimasi model TC dan TD yang dikembangkan oleh Bank Dunia. Hasil penelitian yang didapat adalah adanya keuntungan berupa TC dan TD yang didominasi oleh Australia (99%) dan anggota lainnya (1%).

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Published
2020-01-23
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How to Cite
Nugraha, D. T., Irawan, T., & Hakim, D. B. (2020). Trade Creation dan Trade Diversion Indonesia dengan AANZFTA pada Komoditas Garam. Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Pembangunan Indonesia, 20(1), 94-110. https://doi.org/10.21002/jepi.v20i1.874
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