Pendanaan dalam Pencapaian Akses Universal Air Minum di Indonesia

Funding on Achieving Universal Access of Drinking Water in Indonesia

  • Ratria Anggraini Sudarsono Program Studi Magister Perencanaan dan Kebijakan Publik Universitas Indonesia
  • Nurkholis Nurkholis Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Indonesia
Keywords: data panel, akses universal, air minum, pendanaan

Abstract


RPJMN 2015–2019 mandates universal access of drinking water in 2019. This study analyzes the policy using panel data regression. Random Eect Model (REM ) shows funding, per capita Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP), and population density explain the water coverage of 23.57%, while the rest are explained by variables outside the model. Gross Regional Domestic Product (PDRB) per capita has the biggest impact on coverage, followed by Population Density. On funding, central government’s budget significantly has the highest impact, followed by local government’s budget (APBD), while others aren’t significant. Investment has positive effect, but high per capita investment may not provide high coverage. The coverage in 2019 based on unit-cost calculation is 80.21%, universal access target isn’t reached. --------------------------------------- RPJMN 2015–2019 mengamanatkan pencapaian akses universal air minum tahun 2019. Penelitian ini menganalisis pencapaian kebijakan tersebut menggunakan regresi data panel. Random Effect Model (REM) menunjukkan variabel pendanaan, PDRB per kapita, dan kepadatan penduduk mampu menjelaskan variabel cakupan air minum sebesar 23,57%, sementara sisanya dijelaskan variabel di luar model. Variabel PDRB per kapita berpengaruh terbesar pada cakupan air minum, diikuti kepadatan penduduk. Untuk pendanaan, APBN signifikan memberikan pengaruh tertinggi pada cakupan air minum, diikuti APBD. Investasi berpengaruh positif, namun tingginya investasi per kapita belum tentu memberikan tambahan cakupan air minum tinggi.

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Author Biography

Ratria Anggraini Sudarsono, Program Studi Magister Perencanaan dan Kebijakan Publik Universitas Indonesia
Master of Public Policy and Planning at University of Indonesia; she also was head of planning section at Directorate of Water Supply System Development. She received her bachelor's degree from the Bandung Institute of Technology in Environmental Engineering. The past recipient of fellowships from the Indonesia Endowment Fund for Education (LPDP), she has published technical guidance on programming and budgeting for water supply development by state budget, and has also prepared some Minister Regulations on Water Supply Sector such as Regulation of the Minister of Public Works No. 18 of 2007 about the Implementation of the Development of Water Supply System, Regulation of the Minister of Public Works No. 01 of 2009 about the Implementation of the Development of Non-Piped Water Supply System, Regulation of the Minister of Public Works No. 18 of 2012 about Guidelines for the Development of Water Supply System Development, Regulation of the Minister of Public Works No. 13 of 2013 about the National Policy and Strategy for Water Supply System Development, and Regulation of the Minister of Public Works No. 7 of 2013 about Guidelines for Permit Provision on the Development of Water Supply System by Business Entities and Communities to Meet Their Own Needs. She previously served as the Program Committee of the Indonesia International Water Week on 2014 to 2015.

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Published
2020-01-01
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How to Cite
Sudarsono, R. A., & Nurkholis, N. (2020). Pendanaan dalam Pencapaian Akses Universal Air Minum di Indonesia. Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Pembangunan Indonesia, 20(1), 1-19. https://doi.org/10.21002/jepi.v20i1.844
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