“Tahukah kamu?”: Analisis Set Data Survei Sosial Ekonomi Nasional (Susenas)

Do You Know About This?”: Analysis of the Indonesian Socioeconomic Survey (Susenas) Data

  • Meliyanni Johar Kelompok Kerja Kebijakan Jaminan Kesehatan, Tim Nasional Percepatan Penanggulangan Kemiskinan (TNP2K)
  • Prastuti Soewondo Kelompok Kerja Kebijakan Jaminan Kesehatan, Tim Nasional Percepatan Penanggulangan Kemiskinan (TNP2K) & Departemen Administrasi dan Kebijakan Kesehatan, Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Indonesia
  • Retno Pujisubekti Kelompok Kerja Kebijakan Jaminan Kesehatan, Tim Nasional Percepatan Penanggulangan Kemiskinan (TNP2K)
  • Harsa Kunthara Satrio Kelompok Kerja Kebijakan Jaminan Kesehatan, Tim Nasional Percepatan Penanggulangan Kemiskinan (TNP2K)
  • Ardi Adji Kelompok Kerja Kebijakan Jaminan Kesehatan, Tim Nasional Percepatan Penanggulangan Kemiskinan (TNP2K)
  • Iqbal Dawam Wibisono Kelompok Kerja Kebijakan Jaminan Kesehatan, Tim Nasional Percepatan Penanggulangan Kemiskinan (TNP2K)
Keywords: Indonesia, survei data, kebijakan kesehatan

Abstract


Susenas has been the backbone of many scientific research and public policies in Indonesia since 1960s. Nonetheless, some of its features have not been clearly conveyed and understood. We highlight two features that often lead to misinterpretation. First, the expenditure variable in Susenas does not measure private outlay but household’s consumption because it includes external assistance. Incomes of households which receive many assistances therefore are overestimated. Second, a sudden change in questionnaire since 2015 may disrupt trend analysis. Specifically for health items, this abrupt change coincides with any change stimulated by a new health initiative introduced by the Central Government. -------------------------------------- Susenas telah menjadi dasar berbagai riset dan kebijakan di Indonesia sejak pertama kali dilaksanakan tahun 1963. Namun, ada fitur-fitur yang belum dipahami benar oleh para penggunanya. Artikel ini mengangkat dua fitur yang dapat menghasilkan inferensi kurang tepat. Yang pertama, variabel pengeluaran tidaklah mengukur pengeluaran pribadi, melainkan konsumsi, karena mencakup nilai bantuan ekonomi dari pihak lain. Implikasinya, variabel ini menafsirkan daya beli yang terlalu tinggi untuk rumah tangga yang menerima banyak subsidi. Yang kedua, adanya perubahan kuesioner pada Susenas 2015 yang berdampak pada analisis tren pengeluaran. Khususnya untuk pengeluaran kesehatan, pergerakan ini bisa disalahartikan sebagai dampak program baru pemerintah ditahun sebelumnya.

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Author Biographies

Meliyanni Johar, Kelompok Kerja Kebijakan Jaminan Kesehatan, Tim Nasional Percepatan Penanggulangan Kemiskinan (TNP2K)
SCOPUS ID: 25643073100 | https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2381-1741
Prastuti Soewondo, Kelompok Kerja Kebijakan Jaminan Kesehatan, Tim Nasional Percepatan Penanggulangan Kemiskinan (TNP2K) & Departemen Administrasi dan Kebijakan Kesehatan, Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Indonesia
SCOPUS ID: 57203189325 
Retno Pujisubekti, Kelompok Kerja Kebijakan Jaminan Kesehatan, Tim Nasional Percepatan Penanggulangan Kemiskinan (TNP2K)
SCOPUS ID: 57203185666
Harsa Kunthara Satrio, Kelompok Kerja Kebijakan Jaminan Kesehatan, Tim Nasional Percepatan Penanggulangan Kemiskinan (TNP2K)
SCOPUS ID: 57203179554
Ardi Adji, Kelompok Kerja Kebijakan Jaminan Kesehatan, Tim Nasional Percepatan Penanggulangan Kemiskinan (TNP2K)
SCOPUS ID: 57203184606    

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Published
2019-06-20
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How to Cite
Johar, M., Soewondo, P., Pujisubekti, R., Satrio, H. K., Adji, A., & Wibisono, I. D. (2019). “Tahukah kamu?”: Analisis Set Data Survei Sosial Ekonomi Nasional (Susenas). Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Pembangunan Indonesia, 19(2), 191-208. https://doi.org/10.21002/jepi.v19i2.843
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