Aktivitas Ekspor dan Inefisiensi Teknis Industri Andalan Ekspor Indonesia

Export Activities and Technical Inefficiency on Indonesia’s Mainstay Export Industry

  • Rika BettyNurindah Rustiawati Program Pascasarjana Ilmu Ekonomi, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Indonesia
  • Andi Fahmi Lubis Program Pascasarjana Ilmu Ekonomi, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Indonesia
Keywords: aktivitas ekspor, inefisiensi teknis, industri manufaktur

Abstract


This study examines the effect of export activity on the technical inefficiency by using firm level panel data taken from Annual Survey of Manufacturing conducted by BPS for the period 2010 to 2014 and focus on Indonesia’s mainstay export industry which classified into low technology and high technology sector. A stochastic frontier model with one stage approach is applied to the translog production function to estimate firm level technical efficiency. The findings support the theoretical implications of the positive impact of export activities on firm’s efficiency and low technology sectors have higher efficiency rate than high technology sectors. ----------------------------------------------- Penelitian ini meneliti bagaimana pengaruh aktivitas ekspor terhadap inefisiensi teknis pada industri andalan ekspor Indonesia dengan menggunakan data level perusahaan yang bersumber dari Survei Industri Besar Sedang BPS periode 2010 sampai dengan 2014. Penelitian ini menggunakan model stochastic frontier dengan one step approach yang diterapkan pada fungsi produksi translog. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah aktivitas ekspor berpengaruh terhadap tingkat efisiensi perusahaan, yang mana industri yang tergolong dalam industri dengan tingkat teknologi rendah memiliki tingkat inefisiensi yang lebih rendah dibandingkan industri dengan tingkat teknologi tinggi.

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Published
2019-04-11
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How to Cite
Rustiawati, R. B., & Lubis, A. F. (2019). Aktivitas Ekspor dan Inefisiensi Teknis Industri Andalan Ekspor Indonesia. Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Pembangunan Indonesia, 19(2), 224-241. https://doi.org/10.21002/jepi.v20i1.841
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