Penyerapan Tenaga Kerja dan Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Menuju Era Bonus Demografi di Sumatra Barat

Labor Absorption and Economic Growth Towards the Demographic Bonus Era in West Sumatra

  • Sri Maryati Jurusan Ilmu Ekonomi Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Andalas
  • Hefrizal Handra Jurusan Ilmu Ekonomi Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Andalas
  • Irwan Muslim Jurusan Ilmu Ekonomi Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Bung Hatta
Keywords: bonus demografi, penyerapan tenaga kerja, pertumbuhan ekonomi, PDRB, IPM

Abstract


Indonesia’s provincial population projection in 2010–2035 shows West Sumatra is one of the provinces that may not experience a demographic bonus or it could be delayed to the next period. This study aims to analyze the determinants of sectoral employment absorption and its eect on economic growth with a demometric approach. The result shows that the absorption of labor in West Sumatra is influenced by economic variables (Gross Regional Domestic Product) and demographic variables (Human Development Index). As a consequence, the productivity and the quality of human resources become important factors to achieve demographic bonus in West Sumatra. ................................................... Proyeksi penduduk provinsi di Indonesia tahun 2010–2035 memperlihatkan bahwa Sumatra Barat merupakan salah satu provinsi yang diperkirakan tidak akan atau tertunda mendapatkan bonus demogafi. Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis faktor penentu penyerapan tenaga kerja sektoral dan pengaruhnya terhadap pertumbuhan ekonomi dengan pendekatan demometrik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan penyerapan tenaga kerja di Sumatra Barat dipengaruhi oleh variabel ekonomi (PDRB) dan variabel demografi (IPM). Implikasinya, peningkatan produktivitas dan kualitas SDM menjadi faktor penting dalam upaya meraih bonus demografi di Sumatra Barat.

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2021-01-28
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How to Cite
Maryati, S., Handra, H., & Muslim, I. (2021). Penyerapan Tenaga Kerja dan Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Menuju Era Bonus Demografi di Sumatra Barat. Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Pembangunan Indonesia, 21(1), 95-107. https://doi.org/10.21002/jepi.v21i1.833
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