Dampak Keterbukaan Perdagangan terhadap Ketimpangan Pendapatan di Indonesia

The Effect of Trade Openness on Regional Inequality in Indonesia

  • Ayas Tasli Wiguna Departemen Ilmu Ekonomi, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis, Universitas Indonesia
  • Maddaremmeng Panennungi Departemen Ilmu Ekonomi Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Indonesia
Keywords: keterbukaan ekonomi, ketimpangan pendapatan di dalam provinsi, Indonesia

Abstract


Debates over the effect of trade openness on inequality across regions in a country have been arising. Mainly apply on developing countries, such as Indonesia, trade openness affect different level of development across regions. This study is aimed at determining the effect of trade openness on inequality within provinces in Indonesia. A panel data analysis of 33 Indonesian provinces in the period of 2006–2015 has showed that trade openness has no significant effect on regional inequality. =========================== Keterkaitan antara keterbukaan perdagangan dengan ketimpangan pendapatan regional masih menjadi perdebatan hingga saat ini. Khususnya pada negara berkembang, seperti Indonesia, keterbukaan perdagangan akan memberikan dampak yang berbeda pada setiap kabupaten/kota di dalam provinsi di Indonesia. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis dampak keterbukaan perdagangan terhadap ketimpangan pendapatan antarkabupaten/kota di dalam provinsi di Indonesia. Dengan menggunakan analisis data panel dari 33 provinsi dalam rentang tahun 2006–2015, hasil yang didapatkan adalah keterbukaan perdagangan tidak berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap ketimpangan pendapatan kabupaten/kota di dalam provinsi di Indonesia.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Akita, T. (2003). Decomposing regional income inequality in China and Indonesia using two-stage nested Theil decomposition method. The Annals of Regional Science, 37(1), 55–77. doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00168020010.

Barua, A., & Chakraborty, P. (2010). Does openness aect regional inequality? A case study for India. Review of Development Economics, 14(3), 447–465. doi:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9361.2010.00564.x.

Daumal, M. (2010). The impact of trade openness on regional inequality: The cases of India and Brazil. Document de Travail DT/2010-04. https://en.ird.fr/content/download/49634/380343/version/1/file/2010-04.pdf. [12 September 2016].

De Vivo, G. (1985). Robert Torrens and Ricardo’s ’corn-ratio’ theory of profits. Cambridge Journal of Economics, 9(1), 89–92.

Ge, Y. (2006). Regional inequality, industry agglomeration and foreign trade: The case of China. WIDER Working Paper, 105. Helsinki: United Nations University World Institute for Development Economics Research (UNU-WIDER). https://www.wider.unu.edu/publication/regional-inequality-industry-agglomeration-and-foreign-trade. [12 September 2016].

Henderson, J. V. (1974). The sizes and types of cities. The American Economic Review, 64(4), 640–656.

Jaumotte, F., Lall, S., & Papageorgiou, C. (2008). Rising income inequality: Technology, or trade and financial globalization? IMF Working Paper WP/08/185. International Monetary Fund. https://www.imf.org/en/Publications/WP/Issues/2016/12/31/Rising-Income-Inequality-Technology-or-Trade-and-Financial-Globalization-22170. [12 September 2016].

Krugman, P. (1980). Scale economies, product differentiation, and the pattern of trade. The American Economic Review, 70(5), 950–959.

Krugman, P., & Elizondo, R. L. (1996). Trade policy and the third world metropolis. Journal of Development Economics, 49(1), 137–150. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-3878(95)00055-0.

Kuznets, S. (1955). Economic growth and income inequality. The American Economic Review, 45(1), 1–28.

Milanovic, B. (2005). Half a world: Regional inequality in five great federations. Policy Research Working Paper WPS3699. Washington, DC: World Bank. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/108021468314681519/Half-a-world-regional-inequality-in-five-great-federations. [12 September 2016].

Paluzie, E. (2001). Trade policy and regional inequalities. Papers in Regional Science, 80(1), 67–85. doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/PL00011492.

Rivas, M.G. (2007). The eects of trade openness on regional inequality in Mexico. The Annals of Regional Science, 41(3), 545–561. doi:10.1007/s00168-006-0099-x.

Silva, J. A., & Leichenko, R. M. (2004). Regional income inequality and international trade. Economic Geography, 80(3), 261–286. doi:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1944-8287.2004.tb00235.x.

Published
2019-01-01
Views
  • Abstract 2395


  • PDF 5726
Abstract Metrics
Abstract view : 2395 times

PDF - 5726 times
How to Cite
Wiguna, A. T., & Panennungi, M. (2019). Dampak Keterbukaan Perdagangan terhadap Ketimpangan Pendapatan di Indonesia. Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Pembangunan Indonesia, 19(1), 49-61. https://doi.org/10.21002/jepi.v19i1.805
Section
Articles