Transmisi Kemiskinan Antargenerasi di Indonesia Tahun 1993–2014, Studi Data IFLS

Intergenerational Transmission of Poverty in Indonesia, 1993–2014, Using IFLS Data

  • Memy Irwan Program Pascasarjana Ilmu Ekonomi, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis, Universitas Indonesia
  • Jossy Prananta Moeis Departemen Ilmu Ekonomi, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis, Universitas Indonesia
Keywords: kemiskinan antargenerasi, kemiskinan kronis, kemiskinan dinamis

Abstract


The initial hypothesis states that children from poor household have a tendency to return to poverty as an adult. This is because children from poor household are more difficult to utilize available resources than children from non-poor household. By using McNemar test, the data proved that there was a transmission of poverty in Indonesia during 1993–2014. In other words, poverty alleviation program in Indonesia had not been successfully carried out. Multinomial logit was used to analyzed factors that influence the transmission of poverty. There are various factors that affect the intergenerational transmission of poverty in Indonesia, namely the level of education and health, the ownership of movable assets and the existence of school facilities. --------------------------------------- Hipotesis awal penelitian ini adalah anak dari rumah tangga miskin memiliki kecenderungan untuk kembali miskin saat dewasa. Hal ini disebabkan tertutupnya peluang dalam memanfaatkan sumber daya yang tersedia bagi anak dari rumah tangga miskin dibandingkan dengan anak dari rumah tangga tidak miskin. Dengan menggunakan uji McNemar, terbukti bahwa pada rentang tahun 1993–2014 terjadi transmisi kemiskinan di Indonesia. Dengan kata lain, pengentasan kemiskinan belum berhasil dilakukan. Berbagai faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap transmisi kemiskinan di Indonesia dianalisis menggunakan multinomial logit. Faktor-faktor yang berpengaruh adalah tingkat pendidikan dan kesehatan, kepemilikan aset bergerak, serta keberadaan fasilitas sekolah.

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Published
2019-04-02
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How to Cite
Irwan, M., & Moeis, J. P. (2019). Transmisi Kemiskinan Antargenerasi di Indonesia Tahun 1993–2014, Studi Data IFLS. Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Pembangunan Indonesia, 19(2), 209-223. https://doi.org/10.21002/jepi.v19i2.728
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