Analisis Konsumsi Energi Rumah Tangga Perkotaan di Indonesia: Periode Tahun 2008 dan 2011

  • Muhammad Nazer Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Andalas
  • Hefrizal Handra Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Andalas
Keywords: Konsumsi Energi, Tangga Energi, Energi Rumah Tangga


Urban Household Energy Consumption Analysis in Indonesia: Period of 2008 and 2011The goal of the study is to analyze the pattern and the change of urban household energy consumption and their determinant factors in Indonesia period of 2008 and 2011 using SUSENAS data of household budget survey. The concept of energy ladder and fuel stacking (multi fuel) are used to make a model of household energy consumption. The result of study shows that total energy consumption was increase in the period of 2008 and 2011. Coefficient of income elasticity toward both of modern and traditional energy consumption are positive, it means that there is rising consumption of energy along with the rising income. Household income is the main determinant factor of energy used by household besides other non-economic factors.Keywords: Energy Consumption; Energy Ladder; Household Energy AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pola dan perubahan konsumsi energi rumah tangga daerah perkotaan di Indonesia serta faktor-faktor yang memengaruhinya tahun 2008 dan 2011 dengan memanfaatkan data hasil survei pengeluaran rumah tangga SUSENAS. Konsep energy ladder dan fuel stacking (multi-fuel) diaplikasikan untuk membuat model konsumsi energi rumah tangga. Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan bahwa konsumsi energi (total), modern, dan tradisional rumah tangga perkotaan mengalami kenaikan pada periode tahun 2008 dan 2011. Koefisien elastisitas pendapatan terhadap konsumsi energi modern dan tradisional bernilai positif, yang berarti bahwa terjadi peningkatan konsumsi energi modern dan tradisional sejalan dengan peningkatan pendapatan. Pendapatan rumah tangga adalah faktor yang paling menentukan konsumsi energi rumah tangga di samping faktor non-ekonomi lainnya seperti luas lantai rumah dan jumlah anggota rumah tangga.


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Author Biography

Hefrizal Handra, Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Andalas
Senior Lecturer at Faculty of Economics Andalas University


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Nazer, M., & Handra, H. (2016). Analisis Konsumsi Energi Rumah Tangga Perkotaan di Indonesia: Periode Tahun 2008 dan 2011. Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Pembangunan Indonesia, 16(2), 141-153.