Peran Kelembagaan Perdesaan untuk Keberlanjutan Penerapan SRI di Kabupaten Karawang

  • Luh Putu Suciati Pascasarjana Program Studi Ilmu Perencanaan Pembangunan Wilayah dan Perdesaan, Departemen Ilmu Ekonomi, FEM, IPB
  • Bambang Juanda Pascasarjana Program Studi Ilmu Perencanaan Pembangunan Wilayah dan Perdesaan, Departemen Ilmu Ekonomi, FEM, IPB
  • Akhmad Fauzi Departemen Ekonomi Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan, FEM, IPB
  • Ernan Rustiadi Pusat Pengkajian Perencanaan dan Pengembangan Wilayah (P4W), IPB
Keywords: Kelembagaan Perdesaan, Biaya Transaksi Ekonomi, System of Rice Intensication

Abstract


AbstractSustainability of System of Rice Intensication (SRI) requires rural institution role. The study was conducted in Karawang and uses institutional economics approach and logit regression. The analysis shows potential problems of SRI related with principal-agent/institutional relation and economics transaction costs. Strengthening the activities within farmer groups will reduce economics transaction costs in beginning of application. Farmer will choose "bagi hasil/revenue sharing" as land management cooperation with moderate risks and transaction costs. Monitoring and incentive mechanism will reduce problems of adverse selection and moral hazard. Some factors which determine the sustainability of SRI are production, principal position, off farm work and ex ante transaction costs.Keywords: Rural Institution, Transaction Cost Economics, System of Rice Intensication AbstrakKeberlanjutan penerapan metode System of Rice Intensication (SRI) membutuhkan peran kelembagaan perdesaan. Studi dilakukan di Kabupaten Karawang dan menggunakan pendekatan kelembagaan ekonomi dan regresi logit. Hasil analisis menunjukkan potensi problem metode SRI terkait hubungan kelembagaan principal-agent dan biaya transaksi ekonomi. Penguatan kinerja kelembagaan perdesaan melalui kegiatan bersama dalam kelompok tani mengurangi biaya transaksi ekonomi pada awal aplikasi SRI. Pilihan kerjasama pengelolaan lahan pola bagi hasil banyak dipilih terkait risiko dan biaya transaksi yang moderat. Potensi masalah berupa moral hazard dan adverse selection dapat dikurangi dengan pemantauan dan mekanisme insentif. Faktor determinan keberlanjutan penerapan metode SRI adalah peningkatan produksi padi, posisi sebagai pemilik lahan, pekerjaan di luar usaha tani, dan biaya transaksi sebelum pelaksanaan.Kata kunci: Kelembagaan Perdesaan, Biaya Transaksi Ekonomi, System of Rice Intensication

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2014-01-01
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How to Cite
Suciati, L. P., Juanda, B., Fauzi, A., & Rustiadi, E. (2014). Peran Kelembagaan Perdesaan untuk Keberlanjutan Penerapan SRI di Kabupaten Karawang. Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Pembangunan Indonesia, 14(2), 109-127. https://doi.org/10.21002/jepi.v14i2.567
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