Determinan Angka Partisipasi Sekolah SMP di Jawa Barat

  • Khairunnisa Khairunnisa Institut Pertanian Bogor
  • Sri Hartoyo Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen Institut Pertanian Bogor
  • Lukytawati Anggraeni Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen Institut Pertanian Bogor
Keywords: Pendidikan, Determinan, Sekolah Menengah, Partisipasi Sekolah, Kemiskinan

Abstract


West Java province's junior secondary school enrollment rate is still below the Millenium Development Goal of universal primary education by 2015. Panel data of 26 districts in West Java, Indonesia, was used to analyze the determinant factors of junior secondary school enrollment rate. The study shows that GRDP per capita and education level of the household head positively infuence junior secondary enrollment rate, in contrast poverty rate and number of child labour had negative impact. This study suggests that government should increase local revenue to enable the people to have sufficient income for attending school, especially for the poor. The government is also expected to increase the availability of schools.AbstrakCapaian Angka Partisipasi Sekolah (APS) SMP Provinsi Jawa Barat yang masih rendah menunjukkan belum tercapainya tujuan MDGs tahun 2015 tentang pendidikan dasar. Dengan menggunakan analisis regresi data panel 26 kabupaten/kota di Jawa Barat tahun 2007-2011, studi ini menemukan bahwa faktor yang menjadi determinan APS SMP adalah PDRB per kapita dan pendidikan orang tua. Adapun kemiskinan dan partisipasi kerja anak usia 13-15 tahun akan mengurangi partisipasi sekolah. Oleh karena itu, untuk meningkatkan partisipasi sekolah SMP, terutama anak dari keluarga miskin, selain peningkatan anggaran pendidikan untuk mendukung partisipasi sekolah (beasiswa dan ketersediaan/fasilitas sekolah), hal itu juga harus didukung dengan penurunan tingkat kemiskinan. Selain itu, peningkatan anggaran pendidikan lebih pro-masyarakat miskin dengan meningkatkan ketersediaan sekolah.

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Published
2014-07-01
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How to Cite
Khairunnisa, K., Hartoyo, S., & Anggraeni, L. (2014). Determinan Angka Partisipasi Sekolah SMP di Jawa Barat. Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Pembangunan Indonesia, 15(1), 91-112. https://doi.org/10.21002/jepi.v15i1.444
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