Dampak Kapasitas Fiskal terhadap Penurunan Kemiskinan: Suatu Analisis Simulasi Kebijakan

  • Vera Lisna Central Board of Statistics (BPS) Bogor Agricultural University (IPB)
  • Bonar M. Sinaga Faculty of Economics and Management FEM (IPB)
  • Muhammad Firdaus Faculty of Economics and Management FEM (IPB)
  • Slamet Sutomo Central Board of Statistics (BPS) Bogor Agricultural University (IPB)
Keywords: Kapasitas Fiskal, Penurunan Kemiskinan, Simulasi Kebijakan

Abstract


AbstractThis study examines the impacts of fiscal capacity on the acceleration of poverty alleviation through a dynamic simultaneous equations model using empirical data of 23 provinces and conducting historical simulation. The increasing of fiscal capacity from local taxes and tax-revenue sharing have signicant impact on poverty reduction, particularly in agricultural household, which has the largest share in number of poor in Indonesia indicated by larger decline of agricultural headcount index than industrial and trade headcount index. However, the increasing of General Allocator Fund/Dana Alokasi Umum (DAU) has negative impact on agricultural headcount index. The policy implication is to increase revenue from taxation by local governments as the impact is more effective in accelerating poverty reduction.Keywords: Fiscal Capacity, Poverty Reduction, Policy Simulation AbstrakStudi ini menganalisis dampak kapasitas fiskal dalam mempercepat pengentasan kemiskinan di Indonesia melalui jalur pertumbuhan pro-poor melalui model persamaan simultan dinamis atas data empiris 23 provinsi dan simulasi historis. Peningkatan kapasitas fiskal dari pajak daerah dan bagi hasil pajak berdampak paling besar dalam menurunkan kemiskinan terutama di rumah tangga pertanian yang mendominasi jumlah penduduk miskin di Indonesia di mana headcount index pertanian turun lebih besar dibandingkan headcount index industri dan perdagangan. Sebaliknya, peningkatan Dana Alokasi Umum (DAU) berdampak negatif pada kemiskinan pertanian. Implikasinya adalah pemerintah daerah perlu meningkatkan penerimaan dari perpajakan karena dampaknya lebih efektif mempercepat pengentasan kemiskinan.Kata kunci: Kapasitas Fiskal, Penurunan Kemiskinan, Simulasi Kebijakan

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2013-07-01
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How to Cite
Lisna, V., Sinaga, B. M., Firdaus, M., & Sutomo, S. (2013). Dampak Kapasitas Fiskal terhadap Penurunan Kemiskinan: Suatu Analisis Simulasi Kebijakan. Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Pembangunan Indonesia, 14(1), 1-26. https://doi.org/10.21002/jepi.v14i1.433
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