Ketahanan Pangan di Kawasan Timur Indonesia

  • Triana Rachmaningsih Departemen Ilmu Ekonomi, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen, Institut Pertanian Bogor
  • D. S. Priyarsono Departemen Ilmu Ekonomi, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen, Institut Pertanian Bogor
Keywords: Ketahanan Pangan, Kawasan Timur Indonesia, Model Tobit Data Panel

Abstract


AbstractThis study aims at analyzing the dynamics of food security and the factors that influence food security in Eastern Indonesia. The methodology used is panel data tobit model of 190 districts/municipalities in the Eastern Indonesia from 2008 to 2010. Based on the classication of the food security degree, the majority of households in Eastern Indonesia are categorized as the vulnerable. Food security is affected by percentage of poor people, GRDP per capita, female illiteracy rate and average years of schooling. Based on the elasticity, education has the highest contribution in improving food security in the Eastern Indonesia.Keywords: Food Security, Eastern Indonesia, Panel Data Tobit Model AbstrakStudi ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis dinamika ketahanan pangan, serta faktor-faktor yang memengaruhi ketahanan pangan di Kawasan Timur Indonesia (KTI). Ketahanan pangan dibagi tiga pilar, yaitu ketersediaan, aksesibilitas, dan pemanfaatan pangan. Metode yang digunakan adalah model tobit dengan data panel dari 190 kabupaten/kota di KTI Tahun 2008-2010. Berdasarkan klasikasi derajat ketahanan pangan, sebagian besar rumah tangga di KTI termasuk kategori rentan terhadap kerawanan pangan. Ketahanan pangan dipengaruhi oleh persentase penduduk miskin, PDRB per kapita, angka buta huruf perempuan, dan rata-rata lama sekolah. Berdasarkan nilai elastisitas, pendidikan memiliki pengaruh terbesar terhadap ketahanan pangan di KTI.Kata kunci: Ketahanan Pangan, Kawasan Timur Indonesia, Model Tobit Data Panel

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Demeke, A. B., & Zeller, M. (2009). Using Panel Data to Estimate The Effect of Rainfall Shocks on Smallholders Food Security and Vulnerability in Rural Ethiopia. Research in Development Economics and Policy Discussion Paper, 2/2009. Germany: University of Hohenheim.

Dewan Ketahanan Pangan. (2009). Peta Ketahanan dan Kerentanan Pangan Indonesia. Jakarta: Sekretariat Dewan Ketahanan Pangan-BKP Deptan.

FAO. (2007). What is Food Security? http://www.bb.undp.org/uploads/file/ppts/poverty/FAO%20-%20About%20Food%20Security%20-%20070614.pdf (Accessed May 26, 2011).

Gross, R., Schoeneberger, H., Pfeifer, H., & Press, H. A. (2000). The Four Dimensions of Food and Nutrition Security: Definitions and

Concepts. http://www.foodsec.org/DL/course/shortcourseFA/en/pdf/P-01_RG_Concept.pdf (Accessed June 15, 2011).

Gujarati, D. N. (2004). Basic Eeconometrics, 4th ed. Singapoe: McGraw-Hill Companies.

Harper, L. J., Deaton, B. J., & Driskel, J. A. (1986). Pangan dan Gizi, Edisi 2. Jakarta: UI Press.

Honore, B. E. (1992). Trimmed Lad and Least Squares Estimation of Truncated and Censored Regression Models with Fixed Effects. Econometrica, 60 (3): 533-565.

Indonesia, R. (1996). Undang-Undang Nomor 7 Tahun 1996 tentang Pangan.

Juanda, B. (2009). Ekonometrika Pemodelan dan Pendugaan. Bogor: IPB Press.

Kalwij, A. S. (2004). A Two-Step First-Difference Estimator for A Panel Data Tobit Model Under Conditional Mean Independence Assumptions. Center Discussion Paper Series, 2004-67, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

Maddala, G. S. (1987). Limited Dependent Variable Models Using Panel Data. The Journal of Human Resources, 22 (3), 307-338. University of Wisconsin Press.

Maxwell, D., Levin, C., Klemesu, M. A., Ruel, M., Morris, S., & Ahiadeke, C. (2000). Urban Livelihoods and Food and Nutrition Security, in Greater Accra Ghana. Research Report, 112. Washington DC: IFPRI.

Nuhung, I. A. (2010). Pertanian, Kemiskinan dan Kawasan Timur Indonesia. Jakarta: PT. Wahyu Promo Citra.

Omotesho, O. A., Adewumi, M. O., Lawal, M. A., & Ayinde, O. E. (2006). Determinants of Food Security Among The Rural Farming Households in Kwara State, Nigeria. African Journal of General Agriculture, 2 (1), 7-15.

Prasetyo, R. & Firdaus, M. (2009). Pengaruh Infrastruktur pada Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Wilayah di Indonesia. Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembangunan, 2 (2), 222-236.

Priyarsono, D. S. (2011). Dari Pertanian ke Industri Analisis Pembangunan dalam Perspektif Ekonomi Regional. Bogor: IPB Press.

Rachman, H. P. S. (2010). Aksesibilitas Pangan: Faktor Kunci Pencapaian Ketahanan Pangan di Indonesia. Pangan, 19 (1), 147-156.

Rachman, H. P. S. & Suryani, E. (2010). Dampak Krisis Pangan-Energi-Finansial (PEF) terhadap Kinerja Ketahanan Pangan Nasional. Forum Penelitian Agro Ekonomi, 28 (2), 107-121.

Timmer, C. P. (2004). Food Security and Economic Growth: An Asian Perspective. Heinz W. Arndt Memorial Lecture. Canberra.

Wang, J. (2010). Food Security, Food Prices and Climate Change in China: a Dynamic Panel Data Analysis. Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, 1, 321-324.

Wooldridge, J. M. (2002). Econometric Analysis of Cross Section and Panel Data. London: The MIT Press.

Published
2012-07-01
Views
  • Abstract 1671


  • PDF 700
Abstract Metrics
Abstract view : 1671 times

PDF - 700 times
How to Cite
Rachmaningsih, T., & Priyarsono, D. S. (2012). Ketahanan Pangan di Kawasan Timur Indonesia. Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Pembangunan Indonesia, 13(1), 1-18. https://doi.org/10.21002/jepi.v13i1.225
Section
Articles