Pengaruh Kerawanan Pangan, Bantuan Pangan dan Jaminan Kesehatan terhadap Keluhan Kesehatan

Food insecurity, Food Assistance, and Health Insurance E ect on Health Complaints

  • Ofi Ana Sari Badan Pusat Statistik
  • Nachrowi Djalal Nachrowi Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis, Universitas Indonesia
Keywords: kesehatan, kerawanan pangan, jaminan kesehatan, bantuan pangan, multinolial logit

Abstract


The health condition of the Indonesian from life expectancy at birth tends to increase, but not all years are in a healthy. The health conditions can be influenced by food insecurity, food aid and health insurance. This study aims to study the eects of food insecurity, food assistance and health insurance on health complaints. Indonesian Socio-Economic Survey (Susenas) data were analyzed using multinomial logistic regression. The results show that food insecure individu are risky health complaints and are disrupted more than twice than food secure individu. BPJS PBI has a lower risk of health complaints than for paid BPJS. Food assistant and BPJS PBI/Jamkesda reducing probability of health complaints. Government’s intervention focusing on food insecure individu, elderly, and living in rural areas. ---------------------------------------------- Kesehatan penduduk Indonesia dilihat dari harapan hidup saat lahir cenderung meningkat, tetapi tidak di semua tahun dalam kondisi sehat. Kondisi kesehatan dapat dipengaruhi oleh rawan pangan serta bantuan pangan dan jaminan kesehatan. Penelitian ini mempelajari pengaruh rawan pangan, bantuan pangan, dan kepemilikan jaminan kesehatan (Jamkes) terhadap keluhan kesehatan. Data Survei Sosial Ekonomi (Susenas) dianalisis menggunakan regresi logistik multinomial. Hasil studi menunjukkan individu rawan pangan sedang/parah berisiko keluhan kesehatan dan terganggu lebih dari dua kalinya yang tahan pangan. Pemberian pangan sekaligus Jamkes BPJS PBI mengurangi probabilitas keluhan kesehatan. Intervensi pemerintah dapat difokuskan pada individu rawan pangan, lansia, dan tinggal di perdesaan.

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2022-01-03
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How to Cite
Sari, O. A., & Nachrowi, N. D. (2022). Pengaruh Kerawanan Pangan, Bantuan Pangan dan Jaminan Kesehatan terhadap Keluhan Kesehatan. Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Pembangunan Indonesia, 22(1), 1-15. https://doi.org/10.21002/jepi.v22i1.1599
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