Reputasi dan Kredibilitas sebagai Upaya untuk Mengatasi Masalah Koordinasi dan Reformasi yang Berkelanjutan

  • Sri Mulyani Indrawati Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Indonesia
  • Ari Kuncoro Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Indonesia
  • Mohamad Ikhsan Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Indonesia

Abstract


Perekonomian Indonesia sejak Krisis Ekonomi 1998 mengalami perlambatan dalam kemajuan. Laju pertumbuhan ekonomi tidak mampu lagi melewati angka 6,5% – yang merupakan tingkat laju pertumbuhan yang menjadi patokan sebelum Krisis Ekonomi 1998. Bahkan setelah tahun 2013, perekonomian Indonesia terjebak dalam tingkat pertumbuhan yang lebih rendah – yang jelas tidak cukup untuk mencegah perekonomian Indonesia untuk tidak terjebak dalam perangkap negara berpenghasilan menengah (middle income trap) saat penduduk berusia tua mendominasi struktur penduduk pada tahun 2040. Lebih jauh lagi, laju pertumbuhan ekonomi pasca-Krisis Ekonomi 1998 menjadi kurang sensitif terhadap penurunan tingkat kemiskinan dan diikuti dengan memburuknya distribusi pendapatan. Profil pertumbuhan yang sama sekali berbeda dengan gambaran selama lebih dari 30 tahun proses pembangunan ekonomi Indonesia sejak tahun 1969. Pola seperti ini sebetulnya bukan hanya dialami oleh Indonesia, tetapi juga dialami oleh negara Asia Tenggara lainnya, seperti Thailand dan Malaysia yang sebelumnya digolongkan sebagai “13 performing countries” oleh Growth Commission karena keberhasilan untuk tumbuh 6+ persen per tahun selama lebih dari 3 dekade.

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Published
2019-12-27
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How to Cite
Indrawati, S. M., Kuncoro, A., & Ikhsan, M. (2019). Reputasi dan Kredibilitas sebagai Upaya untuk Mengatasi Masalah Koordinasi dan Reformasi yang Berkelanjutan. Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Pembangunan Indonesia, 19(2), 263-277. https://doi.org/10.21002/jepi.v19i2.1392
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Essay Article