Fenomena Natural Resource Curse dalam Pembangunan Wilayah di Indonesia

Natural Resource Curse Phenomenon in Regional Development in Indonesia

  • Hania Rahma Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis, Universitas Indonesia
  • Akhmad Fauzi Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajeman, Institut Pertanian Bogor
  • Bambang Juanda Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajeman, Institut Pertanian Bogor
  • Bambang Widjojanto Universitas Trisaksi
Keywords: ketergantungan sumber daya alam, paradoks keberlimpahan, regional resource curse index, pembangunan daerah berkelanjutan


Although the phenomenon of natural resource curse is suspected to have occurred at the regional level in  Indonesia, no measurement of such a phenomenon has been carried out yet. This research is aimed to provide an index of measuring the degree of natural resource curse at provincial level in Indonesia. Two indices, the natural resource dependence index and regional sustainable development index, were used to formulate index of regional resource curse (RRCI) using geometric mean of conditional weighted product method. The results found that provinces with richer in mining tend to have higher resource curse index compared with those with less extractive resources. ------------------------------------------ Meski fenomena natural resource curse diduga terjadi di tingkat daerah di Indonesia, pengukuran terhadap fenomena tersebut belum pernah dilakukan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengukur besaran natural resource curse di tingkat provinsi di Indonesia. Dua indikator, yakni indeks ketergantungan sumber daya alam dan indeks pembangunan daerah berkelanjutan digunakan untuk menghitung regional resource curse index (RRCI) menggunakan rerata geometrik conditional weighted product method. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa provinsi dengan sumber daya alam tambang yang lebih kaya cenderung menghadapi fenomena resource curse yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan provinsi dengan sumber daya ekstraktif yang lebih sedikit.


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Rahma, H., Fauzi, A., Juanda, B., & Widjojanto, B. (2021). Fenomena Natural Resource Curse dalam Pembangunan Wilayah di Indonesia. Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Pembangunan Indonesia, 21(2), 148-163. https://doi.org/10.21002/jepi.v21i2.1358