Migrasi Desa-Kota di Indonesia: “Risk Coping Strategy VS Investment”

Rural-Urban Migration in Indonesia: “Risk Coping Stategy VS Investment”

  • Joan Marta Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Negeri Padang
  • Akhmad Fauzi Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen Institut Pertanian Bogor
  • Bambang Juanda Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen Institut Pertanian Bogor
  • Ernan Rustiadi Fakultas Pertanian Institut Pertanian Bogor
Keywords: migrasi desa kota, motif migrasi, kebijakan pembangunan wilayah


The study aims to analyses the reasons behind migrations motives among rural household based on household and area origin characteristic. The study used IFLS data of 2007 and 2014 consisting 2,581 household samples spreading in 13 provinces. Binomial and multinomial logit model was used to estimate probability to migrate based on migration motive. We found the contradictory effect of household income on decision to migrate between motives. Income has negative effect in risk coping as migration motives, otherwise have positive effect in investment motive. --------------------------------------- Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis alasan dibalik motif migrasi di antara rumah tangga perdesaan berdasarkan karakteristik rumah tangga dan karakteristik daerah asal. Penelitian ini menggunakan data IFLS tahun 2007 dan 2014 yang terdiri dari 2.581 sampel rumah tangga yang tersebar di 13 provinsi. Model binomial dan multinomial logit digunakan untuk memperkirakan probabilitas untuk bermigrasi berdasarkan motif migrasi. Hasil penelitian ini menemukan efek kontradiktif dari pendapatan rumah tangga pada keputusan untuk bermigrasi di antara motif. Pendapatan memiliki efek negatif  dalam mengatasi risiko sebagai motif migrasi, sebaliknya memiliki efek positif dalam motif investasi. 


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Marta, J., Fauzi, A., Juanda, B., & Rustiadi, E. (2020). Migrasi Desa-Kota di Indonesia: “Risk Coping Strategy VS Investment”. Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Pembangunan Indonesia, 20(2), 160-173. https://doi.org/10.21002/jepi.v20i2.1337