Pengaruh Kebijakan Peningkatan Upah Minimum terhadap Ketimpangan Upah (Studi Kasus Provinsi-Provinsi di Jawa)

The Effect of the Minimum Wage Increase on Wage Inequality (Java Provinces Cases)

  • Zaitun Rohmah Direktorat Neraca Pengeluaran, Badan Pusat Statistik http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2791-3988
  • Prani Sastiono Program Pascasarjana Ilmu Ekonomi Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Indonesia
Keywords: upah minimum, ketimpangan upah, dampak pekerjaan, Pulau Jawa

Abstract


This research estimates the effect of the minimum wage increase on the wage inequality in Java provinces between 2008 and 2014 using semiparametric methods. It is found that the increase in minimum wage decrease the wage inequality in DKI Jakarta, West Java, Central Java, and Banten Provinces if the employment eects of the minimum wage increase are ignored and the opposite results if we consider the employment eects. Different results occur in Yogyakarta Special Region and East Java provinces, the minimum wage increase will lead to an increase in wage inequality both for the inclusion or exclusion of the employment effects. ------------------------------------------ Penelitian ini mengestimasi pengaruh kebijakan peningkatan upah minimum terhadap ketimpangan upah provinsi-provinsi di Pulau Jawa pada rentang tahun 2008 dan 2014 menggunakan metode semiparametrik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa meningkatnya upah minimum menurunkan ketimpangan upah di Provinsi DKI Jakarta, Jawa Barat, Jawa Tengah, dan Banten jika dampak pekerjaan (employment) tidak disertakan. Sebaliknya, jika menyertakan dampak pekerjaan, maka meningkatnya upah minimum akan meningkatkan ketimpangan upah. Hasil berbeda terjadi di Provinsi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta dan Jawa Timur dengan peningkatan upah minimum meningkatkan ketimpangan upah, baik tanpa dan dengan menyertakan dampak pekerjaan.

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Published
2021-08-13
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How to Cite
Rohmah, Z., & Sastiono, P. (2021). Pengaruh Kebijakan Peningkatan Upah Minimum terhadap Ketimpangan Upah (Studi Kasus Provinsi-Provinsi di Jawa). Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Pembangunan Indonesia, 21(2), 235-256. https://doi.org/10.21002/jepi.v21i2.1325
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