Determinan Produktivitas Tenaga Kerja Industri Manufaktur Besar dan Sedang di Pulau Jawa

Determinants of Productivity Large and Medium Manufacturing Industries in Java

  • Rika Dwi Puspita Sari Politeknik Statistika STIS
  • Siskarossa Ika Oktora Politeknik Statistika STIS
Keywords: produktivitas tenaga kerja, industri manufaktur, regresi data panel

Abstract


Industrialization is one of the government’s focuses on development. Java is an area focused on the industry. However, the labor productivity of large and medium manufacturing industries in Java is lower than regions outside Java and national level of productivity. This study aims to analyze determinants of labor productivity in large and medium manufacturing industries in all provinces in Java from 2010 to 2015 using panel data regression. As the best model, fixed effect model showed that HDI, real wages, and vehicle PMTB has a positively significant effect on labor productivity. -------------------------------------- Industrialisasi merupakan salah satu fokus pemerintah dalam pembangunan. Pulau Jawa merupakan wilayah yang difokuskan untuk industri. Namun, produktivitas tenaga kerja Industri Besar dan Sedang (IBS) di Pulau Jawa lebih rendah dibandingkan daerah di luar Pulau Jawa dan tingkat produktivitas nasional. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis determinan produktivitas tenaga kerja IBS seluruh provinsi di Pulau Jawa periode 2010–2015 dengan menggunakan metode regresi data panel. Hasil analisis menunjukkan Fixed Effect Model merupakan model terbaik untuk penelitian ini, dengan Indeks Pembangunan Manusia (IPM), upah riil, dan Pembentukan Modal Tetap Bruto (PMTB) kendaraan berpengaruh secara signifikan positif terhadap produktivitas tenaga kerja.

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Published
2021-08-07
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How to Cite
Sari, R. D. P., & Oktora, S. I. (2021). Determinan Produktivitas Tenaga Kerja Industri Manufaktur Besar dan Sedang di Pulau Jawa. Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Pembangunan Indonesia, 21(2), 185-203. https://doi.org/10.21002/jepi.v21i2.1298
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