Inklusi Keuangan Melalui Program Layanan Keuangan Digital dan Laku Pandai

Financial Inclusion: Case Study of LKD and Laku Pandai Program

  • Prani Sastiono Departemen Ilmu Ekonomi, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis, Universitas Indonesia
  • Chaikal Nuryakin Departemen Ilmu Ekonomi, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis, Universitas Indonesia
Keywords: inklusi keuangan, keuangan digital

Abstract


This study aims to analyse the inclusion rate of two programs, namely Layanan Keuangan Digital (LKD) and Laku Pandai. We found that inclusion rate of LKD program and Laku Pandai program are 28% and 43% respectively when we define inclusion as use of service (access inclusion). However, the rate falls to 5% and 25% respectively when we define inclusion as account ownership. Laku Pandai program has advantages in increasing financial access of people who live in rural area, have low education, and generate low income. We also found that knowledge/certainty in transaction costs (for LKD) and size of access costs in the form of transaction costs and transportation costs (for Laku Pandai) are important determinants of account ownership. ------------------------------------ Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis tingkat inklusi keuangan dari program Layanan Keuangan Digital (LKD) dan Laku Pandai. Penulis menemukan bahwa inklusi program LKD dan Laku Pandai berdasarkan penelitian ini mencapai 28% dan 43% apabila inklusi diukur dengan penggunaan layanan (inklusi akses). Namun, inklusi turun ke angka 5% dan 25% apabila inklusi didefinisikan sebagai kepemilikan rekening. Laku Pandai memiliki keunggulan dalam meningkatkan akses keuangan masyarakat yang tinggal di pedesaan, berpendidikan rendah, dan berpendapatan rendah. Pengetahuan/kepastian biaya transaksi (LKD) dan biaya akses dalam bentuk biaya transaksi dan transportasi (Laku Pandai) merupakan faktor yang penting dalam menentukan kepemilikan rekening keuangan.

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Published
2019-12-14
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How to Cite
Sastiono, P., & Nuryakin, C. (2019). Inklusi Keuangan Melalui Program Layanan Keuangan Digital dan Laku Pandai. Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Pembangunan Indonesia, 19(2), 242-262. https://doi.org/10.21002/jepi.v19i2.1228
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