Produktivitas dan Efisiensi Teknis Usaha Perkebunan Kopi di Sumatera Selatan dan Lampung

Productivity and Technical Efficiency of the Coffee Plantation Business in South Sumatra and Lampung

  • Fauziah Zen Badan Pusat Statistik
  • Budiasih Budiasih Politeknik Statistika STIS
Keywords: produktivitas, TFP, efisiensi teknis, CES, SFA

Abstract


Coffee is the result of Indonesian plantations that have high competitiveness in the international market. However, coffee plantations in Indonesia have low productivity compared to other major coffee producing countries. This study aims to conduct a study of the productivity and technical efficiency of households coffee plantation business in the coffee producing center in Indonesia. The results of this study indicate that more than 50% of coffee plantation businesses in each of provinces have low productivity and medium technical efficiency. Education level is a variable that can increase productivity and technical efficiency significantly. ============================ Kopi adalah hasil perkebunan Indonesia yang mempunyai daya saing tinggi di pasar internasional. Namun, perkebunan kopi di Indonesia memiliki produktivitas yang rendah dibandingkan negara-negara produsen utama kopi lainnya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melakukan kajian terhadap produktivitas dan efisiensi teknis usaha rumah tangga perkebunan kopi di provinsi sentra penghasil kopi di Indonesia. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa lebih dari 50% usaha perkebunan kopi di masing-masing provinsi tersebut memiliki produktivitas rendah dan efisiensi teknis menengah. Tingkat pendidikan merupakan variabel yang dapat meningkatkan produktivitas dan efisiensi teknis secara signifikan.

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Published
2019-04-01
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How to Cite
Zen, F., & Budiasih, B. (2019). Produktivitas dan Efisiensi Teknis Usaha Perkebunan Kopi di Sumatera Selatan dan Lampung. Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Pembangunan Indonesia, 72-86. https://doi.org/10.21002/jepi.v0i0.1061