Determinan Pertumbuhan Kota di Indonesia

  • Imam Mulatip Pemerintah Daerah DKI Jakarta
  • Bambang P.S. Brodjonegoro Departemen Ilmu Ekonomi FEUI
Keywords: Pertumbuhan Kota, Produktivitas, Kualitas Hidup

Abstract


Peran kota sebagai pusat aktivitas utama ekonomi dewasa ini, menjadi daya tarik mengapa pertumbuhan kota perlu diperhatikan. Kota memiliki populasi yang besar, dan cenderung meningkat pesat dari waktu ke waktu. Makalah ini mengkaji faktor-faktor yang menyebabkan pertumbuhan kota, serta mengkaji pola pertumbuhan kota di Indonesia. Pertumbuhan kota diukur menggunakan pertumbuhan populasi dan angkatan kerja. Hasil analisis memperlihatkan kepadatan penduduk dan spesialisasi ekonomi secara negatif signifikan mempengaruhi pertumbuhan kota. Sedangkan primacy, manufaktur dan tingkat pendidikan secara positif signfikan mempengaruhi pertumbuhan kota. Selain itu, pendapatan dan pengeluaran pemerintah tidak signifikan mempengaruhi pertumbuhan kota. Demikian pula, variabel geografis dan ukuran kota, yang juga tidak signifikan berpengaruh terhadap pertumbuhan kota.

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Author Biography

Imam Mulatip, Pemerintah Daerah DKI Jakarta
Tulisan ini merupakan pengembangan dari kerangka berfikir dan model yang dibangun oleh Bradley dan Gans (1998), serta Glaeser et al. (1995).

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Published
2004-07-01
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How to Cite
Mulatip, I., & Brodjonegoro, B. P. (2004). Determinan Pertumbuhan Kota di Indonesia. Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Pembangunan Indonesia, 5(1), 61-82. https://doi.org/10.21002/jepi.v5i1.100
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