Analisis Pola Konsumsi Pangan Berdasarkan Status IPM di Jawa Timur

Dewi Mayasari, Dias Satria, Iswan Noor

Abstract


The Pattern of Food Consumption Based on HDI in East Java

The objectives of this article are (1) to analyze the influence of socio economic characteristics in influencing patterns of food consumption by HDI and (2) Analyze demand responses (elasticity) of East Java household to food prices and income changes. Linear Approximation Almost Ideal Demand System (LA/AIDS) and elasticity are used to answer the objectives by using microdata Susenas 2016. The result indicates that generally, socio economic characteristics contribute substantially in determining household food consumption patterns and based on their elasticity values, food commodities in East Java are price inelastic and more responsive to income changes.

Keywords: Consumption Patterns; Demand Systems; LA/AIDS; East Java


Abstrak

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk (1) menganalisis pengaruh karakteristik sosial ekonomi berdasarkan status IPM daerah terhadap pola konsumsi pangan rumah tangga dan (2) menganalisis elastisitas konsumsi pangan di Jawa Timur sebagai respons atas perubahan harga dan pendapatan. Model sistem permintaan Linear Approximation Almost Ideal Demand System (LA/AIDS) dan konsep elastisitas digunakan untuk menjawab tujuan tersebut dengan menggunakan data mikro Susenas 2016. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa secara umum, karakteristik sosial ekonomi memiliki andil yang besar dalam menentukan pola konsumsi pangan rumah tangga dan berdasarkan nilai elastisitasnya, komoditas pangan di Jawa Timur bersifat inelastis terhadap harga dan lebih responsif terhadap perubahan pendapatan.


Keywords


Pola Konsumsi; Sistem Permintaan; LA/AIDS; Jawa Timur

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21002/jepi.v18i2.801

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