Nilai Ekonomi Tanaman Obat di Taman Nasional Danau Sentarum, Kalimantan Barat

Thasia Ginting, Ahyar Ismail, Bintang Charles Simangunsong

Abstract


Economic Value of Medicinal Plants in Danau Sentarum National Park, West Kalimantan

Danau Sentarum National Park (DSNP) is a conservation area which has an important role in people’s lives and society Kapuas Hulu in West Kalimantan. The objective of this study was to estimate the value of medicinal plants in the area TNDS. Contingent Valuation Method (CVM) with a single bounded was use to determine the willingness to pay for medicine plants. Data collected through direct interviews with 90 local households in DSNP using a questionnaire. Data analysis was done with MS. Excel® and SPSS® statistical software. The results show the variable value of the bid, income, age, education, and knowledge of medicinal plants significantly aect the value of WTP. The expected WTP is found between IDR50.354,22 to IDR72.312,44 per household per month.

Keywords: Contingent Valuation Method; Single BoundWillingness to Pay; Danau Sentarum National Park (DSNP)

 

Abstrak

Taman Nasional Danau Sentarum (TNDS) adalah kawasan konservasi yang memiliki peran penting bagi kehidupan masyarakat di Kabupaten Kapuas Hulu dan masyarakat Provinsi Kalimantan Barat. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengestimasi nilai tanaman obat yang ada di dalam kawasan TNDS. Contingent Valuation Method (CVM) dengan single bounded digunakan untuk menentukan nilai kesediaan membayar tanaman obat. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui wawancara langsung dengan 90 kepala keluarga di TNDS menggunakan kuesioner. Analisis data dilakukan dengan perangkat lunak MS Excel® dan SPSS®. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan variabel nilai tawaran bid, pendapatan, usia, pendidikan, dan pengetahuan mengenai tanaman obat secara signifikan memengaruhi nilai WTP. Nilai dugaan WTP adalah sebesar Rp50.354,22 sampai Rp72.312,44 per keluarga per bulan.


Keywords


Metode Contingent Valuation; Single Bounded Wilingness to Pay, Taman Nasional Danau Sentarum (TNDS)

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21002/jepi.v18i1.696

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