Analisis Faktor Resiliensi Rumah Tangga Petani dalam Menghadapi Variabilitas Iklim

Amalia Dwi Marseva, Eka Intan Kumala Putri, Ahyar Ismail

Abstract


Resilience Factor Analysis of Farmers Household Dealing with Climate Variability

Climate variability potentially giving shocks to farmers household. This research aims to identify farmers household vulnerability, identify factors affecting resilience, and identify the adaptation mechanism of farmers household in facing rainfall variability. The analytical methods are descriptive analysis, Livelihood Vulnerability Index, and multiple regression. Results shows that Sidamulya is more vulnerable than Wanasari. Households has low resilience. Factors that affecting resilience are education, earning level, number of years in farming, and dummy other job. Adaptive mechanisms are shifting the planting time, replace and decrease fertilizer, replace seed, and move to another job.

Keywords: Adaptation; Agriculture; Vulnerability; Livelihood; Resilience

 

Abstrak

Variabilitas iklim berpotensi memberikan guncangan bagi rumah tangga petani. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengidentifikasi kerentanan, mengidentifikasi resiliensi dan faktor yang memengaruhinya, serta mengidentifikasi mekanisme adaptasi rumah tangga petani dalam menghadapi variabilitas curah hujan. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah analisis deskriptif kualitatif, Livelihood Vulnerability Index, dan regresi linear berganda. Hasil menunjukkan Desa Sidamulya lebih rentan terhadap variabilitas curah hujan dibanding Desa Wanasari. Resiliensi dipengaruhi oleh tingkat pendidikan, tingkat pendapatan dari hasil panen sebelumnya, lama bertani, dan dummy pekerjaan lain. Adaptasi yang dilakukan adalah menggeser masa tanam, mengubah dan mengurangi dosis pupuk, mengubah benih, dan memiliki pekerjaan lain.


Keywords


Adaptasi; Pertanian; Kerentanan; Mata Pencaharian; Resiliensi

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21002/jepi.v16i2.632

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