Analisis Raskin dan Ketahanan Pangan Rumah Tangga di Indonesia (Analisis Data Susenas 2011)

Irma Sundari, Nachrowi Djalal Nachrowi

Abstract


This study aims to analyze the food security determinant of households by household characteristics in Indonesia using descriptive and multinomial logit analyses, and determine the characteristics of households that need intervention of Raskin in Indonesia. Descriptive and multinomial logit analyses found that households more food secure if the education of household head is higher, number of household members is smaller, the household head work in non-agriculture, income per capita is larger, and the area where household live in urban areas. Generally, Raskin relatively on target. Raskin should be prioritized on women-headed households with low education, and work in agriculture/non-agriculture.
Keywords: Raskin; Household Food Security; Susenas; Multinomial Logit


Abstrak
Studi ini menganalisis determinan ketahanan pangan rumah tangga menurut karakteristik
rumah tangga di Indonesia dengan analisis deskriptif dan multinomial logit, serta menentukan karakteristik rumah tangga yang perlu intervensi Raskin di Indonesia tahun 2011. Hasil analisis deskriptif dan multinomial logit menemukan bahwa semakin tinggi pendidikan kepala rumah tangga akan meningkat pula ketahanan pangannya jika jumlah anggota rumah tangga kecil, pekerjaan kepala rumah tangga di non-pertanian, pendapatan per kapita besar, dan daerah tempat tinggal di perkotaan. Secara umum, Raskin relatif tepat sasaran. Raskin sebaiknya diprioritaskan pada rumah tangga yang dikepalai perempuan, berpendidikan dasar, dan bekerja di pertanian maupun non-pertanian.


Keywords


Raskin; Ketahanan Pangan Rumah Tangga; Susenas; Multinomial Logit

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21002/jepi.v15i2.452

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