Analisis Dampak Implementasi Komitmen Indonesia di Sektor Jasa Konstruksi dalam Kerangka AFAS

Widyastutik Widyastutik, Eka Puspitawati, Muhammad Fawaiq

Abstract


The implication of ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) in 2015 is free mobilization of goods, services, labours, and capital among the member countries. This encourages Indonesia to strengthen its commitments on the construction service sector. This study aims to map Indonesia's commitments in the construction service sector under the ASEAN Framework Agreement on Services (AFAS) with Hoekman Index and investigates the impacts on the macroeconomic and sector performances. The GTAP model analysis shows that Indonesia does not gain from the service liberalization, there is only slight increase of macroeconomic and sector performance. A 50% or full liberalization cause few increase on the real GDP. Positive impact of liberalization is only seen in the construction sector itself.

Abstrak
Implikasi terbentuknya Masyarakat Ekonomi ASEAN tahun 2015 adalah kawasan ASEAN akan menjadi suatu kawasan bebas mobilisasi barang, jasa, investasi, tenaga kerja, dan arus modal. Kondisi ini mendorong peningkatan komitmen Indonesia, salah satunya di sektor jasa konstruksi. Studi ini bertujuan memetakan posisi komitmen sektor jasa konstruksi Indonesia di AFAS berdasarkan indeks Hoekman dan menganalisis dampak peningkatan komitmen tersebut. Hasil analisis GTAP menunjukkan bahwa Indonesia belum memperoleh manfaat dari adanya implementasi komitmen tersebut. Hal ini ditunjukkan dengan peningkatan yang relatif kecil terhadap indikator ekonomi makro dan sektoral Indonesia. Liberalisasi 50% maupun penuh hanya menyebabkan peningkatan PDB riil yang kecil. Dampak sektoral hanya tampak pada peningkatan di sektor konstruksi sendiri.


Keywords


AFAS; Jasa Konstruksi; GTAP

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21002/jepi.v15i1.446

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